The 1st Scientific Conference with international attendance

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

Pdf Version Report Information from ProQuest

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY

INNOVATIVE TRENDS IN DEFENSE MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS


The 1st Scientific Conference with international attendance organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

December 15th, 2006, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY CAROL I PUBLISHING HOUSE
BUCHAREST, 2006

Coordinators:
  • Iulian BUJOREANU PhD
Moderators:
  • Lecturer Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Professor Marin ILIE PhD
  • Lecturer Dorinel Ioan MOLDOVAN PhD
  • Professor Vasile POPA PhD
Scientific committee:
  • Iulian BUJOREANU PhD
  • Junior lecturer Aura CODREANU
  • Lecturer Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Viorel DUMEA
  • Professor Marin ILIE PhD
  • Lecturer Dorinel Ioan MOLDOVAN PhD
  • Professor Vasile POPA PhD Daniel SORA
  • Lecturer Ecaterina Livia TĂTAR TURBATU
  • Cezar VASILESCU PhD
Scientific secretary:
  • Daniel SORA
ISBN (10) 973-663-470-1
ISBN (13) 987-973-663-470-3
Contents:
ARMED FORCES IN DEMOCRACY

AGAFIȚEI Titi Iulian

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
From a psychological and social viewpoint, the individual consciousness has to be underpinned by a set of values and beliefs reflecting the soldier’s perception of the world, as well as the way in which he/she perceives his/her role in the society. In every day life, the military are regarded as a citizen with full rights and duties within the community. Practically, however, armed forces are viewed as the regime’s tools or, on the contrary, as the nation’s tool. The 21st century Romanian militaries’ civil and moral education has to focus on the following: their mission is politically useful, as well as legally and morally justifiable.
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NATIONAL SECURITY BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE

ANDRONIC Benone

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania

SITEANU Eugen

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
According to the general theory of systems the national security as a big system, this relies on an inter-disciplinary theory resulting from the political-military, economic, social, cultural, scientific, etc. systems interaction, because both the theory of security and the practice of security assurance are permanently influenced and determined by the political, military, economic, social, cultural, diplomatic, judicial, etc. theory and practice. Consequently, the changes and trends in the policy, military art, economy, science, technology, culture etc. will be reflected in different ways in the national security. Some changes or trends in the nation’s security are taken from the above mentioned domains, whereas some other trends are specific to security as a result of the sinergy of the security system. The approach to such a large and fastidious topic requires intelligence, wisdom, but also courage, because the field of security is immense both in theory and in practice and the uncertainties the future has in store for us make our scientific application more difficult.
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THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC FACTORS UPON SECURITY

BĂHNĂREANU Cristian

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
In the last years, the economic factors have more and more relevance for the accomplishment of security. The main goal of this paper is to identify the main economic factors which generate security or insecurity in our contemporary world. The achievement of security strongly depends on the state’s capacity to deal with these factors, to find solutions in order to maximise the positive ones and diminish or even eradicate the negative ones.
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ON THE USEFULNESS OF THE SAVAGE METHOD TO THE MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF THE RISK FACTORS WITHIN A TACTICAL LEVEL MISSION

BÂRSAN Ghiță

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania

MOȘTEANU Dan

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The paper presents a mathematical model based on the inclusion of near-to-normal level risk factors that may influence the tactical missions, for an IT application to determine optimal variants. The application was developed in the framework of a research project entitled: „Optimization of capabilities for tactical mission’s preparation in the field of national defense and security”. This was carried out in the C++Builder environment. The decision-making method used in the informatic application uses the Savage method.
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ORGANIZATION SYSTEMS USED IN DECISION MODELLI NG AT THE STRATEGIC LEVEL

BUJOREANU Iulian

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The paper analyzes the basic concepts for management information systems applied to any modern organizational system in the Romanian society. Besides the general model and the formal organization, it presents the typical organizational structures and their main characteristics. It introduces trends that might be undertaken when somebody in the tomorrow’s leadership of the Romanian Ministry of Defense would manifest his/her real intentions on the path of involving effectiveness in what Romanian military do day by day.
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THE OPTIMIZATION OF WARFARE ACTIONS IN THE MODERN FIELD

CĂRUȚAȘU Vasile

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania

MICLĂUȘ Simona

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
Operational research is a young field in mathematics which emerged at the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century from the necessity to increase the productivity and efficiency in industrial, economic, financial and military fields. It is known that “operational research” as well as operation, operative part, strategy etc. were taken from the military field. There are a lot of problems which can be analyzed and solved with this theory. The models of operational research try to find the best solution to the phenomena that we study and are the most important device to optimize the decision-making process. Another important aspect is the need to understand it very well, to find the main parameters and to develop an accurate model which fits the practical results. In this paper we analyze the problem of optimisation of the use of the capabilities and resources that a commander has at his/her disposal.
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THE INDIVIDUAL FEATURES OF THE HUMAN IRIS USED IN SECURITY BIOMETRIC TECHNOLOGIES

CHERECHEȘ Tudor

Military Technical Academy

BONDARCIUC Ala

Military Technical Academy
Abstract
This paper presents some results regarding a prospective study in the evaluation of the methods and techniques of the components of the electronic biometric systems as a basis in the future elaboration of the special equipment and of the biometric systems in order to certify the workers of the comupter networks and the major importance objectives. This paper comprises more aspects regarding the methodology, management and implementation of the electronic biometric systems. A special part of this paper is the study of the individual features of the iris as the most stable biometric system related to the actual trends in using the electronic biometric systems to screen the health state.
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PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT IN THE AFTERMATH OF ROMANIAN’S ACCESSION TO NATO

CODREANU Aura

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Performance management has become more than a necessity nowadays. Its major role in achieving organizational strategic objectives through performance planning, coaching and appraisal is an important argument in favour of approaching Romania’s accession to NATO from this viewpoint. Moreover, its focus on ongoing communication and feedback of results and the possibility it offers to any organisation to update or modify earlier steps of its activities grants it validity. Thus, by resorting to performance management an organization is given the possibility to be an effective one in a competing and evolving environment. Consequently, given the importance of the concept of performance management, the purpose of this article is to first clarify the concept of performance which is too often used in a loose manner. The second aim is to point out its basic components and to briefly analyse them in contrast with the current achievements of the Romanian armed forces and their relevance for the broader international context. In the end, the recommendation of this article is a thorough analysis of the lessons learned of the Romanian military in theatres of operations for the past three years in order to achieve the interoperability standard of NATO.
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PEACE DIVIDEND – MYTH OR REALITY

CONSTANTINESCU Maria

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Peace dividend is a controversial concept, often used by politicians and interest groups to support the reduction in defense spending. Although many definitions have been offered for this concept, the final impact and the magnitude of the effect of reducing defense spending on the economy remains a matter of debate. Also, the peace dividend is often considered solely from the national point of view, ignoring the fact that a medium term benefit for the country may lead, under certain circumstances, to negative long term international effects on the long run. In analyzing the peace dividend, the specific conditions in each country should be also taken into consideration in order to get the real picture of the effects of reduced defense spending.
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ROMANIA’S INTEGRATION IN THE EUROPEAN UNION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES UPON NATIONAL DEFENSE AND SECURITY

DUMEA Viorel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The European Union by its European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) enabled the design of a common defense structure and the adoption of the European Security Strategy. The latter, in its turn, contributed to the establishment of the Rapid Reaction Force with a view to managing crisis situations. Romania took proactive steps within the EU’s endeavors to develop its military capabilities by reaffirming its full support and participation in these efforts. Consequently, Romania’s defense and national security policies have to be aligned to the country’s pledge for NATO and EU.
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OUTSOURCING MANAGEMENT IN THE DEFENSE FIELD

DUȚU Petre

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania

DUȚU Viorica

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
The outsourcing of several defense activities and services cannot be improvised. It must be conceived, organized and run according to an adequate strategy and legislation in the service execution field. The process of outsourcing must be a very rigorous one and needs agility, evolution, transparency, proximity and feedback. The utility of outsourcing corresponds to the necessity to concentrate on saving sources. This can be obtained by means of rationalization of organizations and structures, especially by reinforcing the mutual collaboration between the Ministry of Defense and other ministries and structures which can meet this need for optimal function.
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SPECIFIC SECURITY FEATURES IN ENCLOSED AND SEMI-ENCLOSED SEA AREAS

HÂLDAN Romulus

Fleet Headquarters, Constanța
Abstract
The enclosed and semi-enclosed seas are particularities of the world’s oceans in that they have specific characteristics and particularities concerning security in the area. Security in the enclosed and semi-enclosed seas is usually regarded as a seaside countries’ issue only. However, we should take into consideration that the access to and from these areas is a matter of international law and, consequently, it concerns all international organizations, both political and economic. Therefore, legal papers related to enclosed and semi-enclosed seas are larger in number than those concerning open seas and oceans even though the legislation is more reduced. The diversity of threats which may endanger the safety in these areas requests different approaches and, subsequently, implies a great number of agreements and arrangements as well as the launching of local initiatives.
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THE 21ST CENTURY NAVAL FORCES

HÂLDAN Romulus

Fleet Headquarters, Constanța
Abstract
The end of the Cold War has brought a review of the Naval Forces’ missions and, as a consequence, their restructuring while considering the challenges of the new security environment, which are different from the classical pattern and, therefore, they require a different approach. All naval powers worldwide, especially the biggest ones, have configured their own forces and capabilities rapidly, mostly by setting out modern ships endowment projects covering long periods of time, sometimes even a half-century. These projects are extremely ambitious, almost fictional. The main features of the new ships will be high technology, as well as diverse in terms of their roles. In this view, the accomplishment of these projects will put Naval Forces at the heart of many diverse future conflicts.
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NATO INTEROPERABILITY ACHIEVEMENT - BETWEEN REALITY AND WISHFUL THINKING

ILIE Marin

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
The approach to interoperability and compatibility among the Armed Forces of NATO countries is usually accomplished by taking into account logistics, as well as the conceptual and operational domains. Therefore, the aim of this paper is the investigation of the operability concept within the modern and integrated management practiced in NATO. The conclusion to be drawn is that interoperability plays an important role in all domains, but without managerial interoperability the concept of management per se cannot be used in any other fields.
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MILITARY SCIENCES AS A FUNDAMENTAL COMPONENT OF MILITARY THINKING. THE ELEMENTS AND SUBJECT OF MILITARY SCIENCES

MARIN Vasile

"Henri Coandă" Air Force Academy
Abstract
The military science is an epistemological quality. It is related to the military field study, one of the oldest and more complex fields of the human society. Its complexity has required a special internal dynamics of the military science, and also a great range of relations with other scientific fields. Everything is connected with the idea of knowledge and explanation of the military phenomenon, a phenomenon which has caused numerous syncopes of the natural evolution and the progress of the human society.
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CONSIDERATIONS ON ADMINISTRATION - BETWEEN NEED AND ECONOMY

MAFTEI Lucian

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
When the first computers became part of our work in military environment, many believed that the time for less personnel and no paper in administrative branch arrived. This time has not arrived yet, or at least this is the reality that we still face. This does not make us more dynamic, more efficient, more flexible, and not even happier. So, maybe it is time to look at a new approach and to find out what is to be changed.
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COSTS AS A DECISION-MAKING CRITERION IN THE PRODUCTS DESIGN STAGE

LUPULESCU Nouraș Barbu

"Transilvania" University of Brasov, Romania

PÂRV Aurica Luminița

"Transilvania" University of Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Managing a new product design project in the product life cycle assumes taking into account the consequences of the designers decisions on the future costs and, particularly, the manufacturing costs of the company. The life cycle cost perspective focuses on the cost comitted during the design and development stages. Evaluating the cost committed during the design and development stages is becoming an important challenge for the companies of the industrial sector and it is during these stages that the main risks involved can be identified and evaluated. Different methods and tools can be used to influence the designer’s decisions and the cost committed on the life-cycle: Design for Manufacturing and Assembly, Value Analysis, Design-to-Cost, risk analysis, standardization. The purpose of this paper is to present original software to manage the costs incurred and the economic risks involved.
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SECURITY PERSPECTIVES

MOLDOVAN Dorinel Ioan

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The present paper attempts to present several perspectives on security, accepted as the main features for the existence of a state. The flexibility and ambiguity of the concept is raising from the meanings it acquires with different authors, due to the complexity of the international and domestic environment.
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THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS WITHIN THE ORGANIZATIONAL CONTEXT

MOLDOVAN Dorinel Ioan

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The hereby paper presents the importance of the decision-making process within the organizational context. The main actor is represented by the decision-maker, whose characteristics determine the quality of the decision. At the same time, the importance of the external environment and the limits of rationality are shown in order to understand and accept the necessity for better education and training in management and organizational behavior.
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IT APPLICATIONS USED IN THE PREPARATION OF TACTICAL LEVEL MISSIONS

BÂRSAN Ghiță

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania

OANCEA Romana

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The paper describes the IT application for optimal variants determination in the framework of the research project entitled: „Optimization of capabilities for tactical missions’ preparation in the field of national defense and security”. Optimal variant determination was carried out in the C++Builder environment. By the proposed application, the optimal variant assumes the subject’s sorting that fulfils some specific task, in certainty and uncertainty conditions. According to the mission type specific decision-making methods are applied to the scores that the subjects gained by testing under mission-specific criteria and sub-criteria, as well as to the risk factors that may influence the mission,. The decision-making methods that are implemented in the application are: the method of Moments, Electre method, Utilities method, Regret method.
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A MATHEMATICAL MODEL AND IT APPLICATION FOR DECISION-MAKING UNDER CERTAINTY CONDITIONS BY MEANS OF THE MOMENTS METHOD

OANCEA Romana

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania

GIURGIU Luminița

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The paper presents a mathematical model based on the inclusion of normal-level risk factors that may influence the tactical missions, for an IT application to determine optimal variants. The application was developed in the framework of a research project entitled: „Optimization of capabilities for tactical missions’ preparation in the field of national defence and security”. This was was carried out in the C++Builder environment. The decision-making method used in the IT application uses the method of moments.
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ROMANIA’S DEFENSE INDUSTRY AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE WARSAW TREATY (1955-1968)

OPRIÅž Petre

Protection and Security Sevice
Abstract
On 14 May 1955, Romania became one of the eight member states of the Warsaw Treaty. On this occasion, the Romanian authorities assumed certain economic roles within the pact. In order to be able to meet the financial challenges incurred in this respect, Kremiln supported the process of making Russian patented ammunition, weaponry and other special products in Romania.
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BUREAUCRACY

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Bureaucracy is derived from the word bureau, used from the early 18th century in Western Europe. Bureaucracy thus basically means the power of the office and the power of regulations. This social phenomenon is omnipresent in our lives, we cannot excape from it and that is why we should transform it from something negative into something positive. There is an ongoing controversy about bureaucracy, namely the perversion of means and ends so that means become ends in themselves. The suggestion here is that, left uncontrolled, the bureaucracy will become increasingly self-serving and corrupt, rather than serving society; we cannot abolish it so we should transform it into something that could increase our efficiency.
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THE USE OF RE-ENGINEERING TECHNIQUES IN ACQUISITION PROGRAMS/PROJECT MANAGEMENT

POPA Vasile

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
This paper describes reengineering techniques applied in different phases of military project acquisitions management. Improving the functional processes of the Department of Defense (DoD), acquisitions project management is a key element of reengineeing activities and is critical to the success of the corporate information management initiative. Reengineeing techniques are and will continue to be the driving force for major acquisitions process improvement efforts in DoD. The recognition of the importance of reengineering as a major factor in changing organizations has grown considerably in recent years. Reengineering is no longer viewed as a convenient way of getting work done; instead, it is quickly being recognized as a critical resource essential to today's organizations to maintain their competitive edge.
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THE REENGINEERING OF ATYPICAL MILITARY EQUIPMENT

POPA Vasile

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
This article describes the reengineering of military equipment applied in the field of production. According to Hammer and Champy, (1993), reengineering is “the fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical, contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service, and speed.” Romanian Armed Forces business process reengineering is a radical improvement approach that critically examines rethinks, and thinks, redesigns mission product and service processes within a political environment. It achieves dramatic mission performance gains from multiple customer and stakeholder multiple perspectives. It is a key part of a process management approach for optimal performance that continually evaluates, adjusts or removes processes.
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THE MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF EMBEDDING THE RISK FACTORS OF A TACTICAL LEVEL MISSION BY MEANS OF THE ELECTRE METHOD

MICLĂUȘ Simona

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania

RĂCHIȚAN Daniela

Army Academy "Nicolae Bălcescu"/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The paper presents a mathematical model based on the inclusion of near-to-normal level risk factors that may influence the tactical missions for an IT application of determination of optimal variants. The application was developed in the framework of a research project entitled: „Optimization of capabilities for tactical missions’ preparation in the field of national defence and security”. This was was carried out in the C++Builder environment. The decisional method used in the IT application uses the Electre method.
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SUGGESTIVE ACCELERATED LEARNING AS A CONTEMPORARY HOLISTIC METHOD OF TEACHING AND LEARNING

TEODORESCU Constantin

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
Accelerated learning is the most advanced learning method used nowadays. It is a total system for speeding and enhancing both the design and learning process. Based on the latest brain research, it has proved its ability to increase learning effectiveness while saving time and money. Many of today’s leading organizations and educational institutions are benefiting from the power of accelerated learning.
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THE ROLE OF THE PRIVATE SECTOR IN ENSURING NATIONAL SECURITY

ŽELIJKO Gajić

Ministry of Defense, Serbia
Abstract
This paper presents some research that speaks about the need for change in the relations between the national security system and the private sector. The private sector’s role in the change process is important to the better understanding and cooperation between these two sectors, which could increase national defense capabilities and security. The private sector is better prepared to operate in the contemporary environment (globalization, competitive markets, etc.), but the defense sector has to begin to utilize the advantages of modern management and cooperation with the private sector with the aim to enhance overall performance and capabilities.
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THE CONTEMPORARY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE DEFENSE SYSTEM

ŽELIJKO Gajić

Ministry of Defense, Serbia
Abstract
The way the human resources are managed is becoming a decisive factor of competing ability, growth and organization survival, and human resources are viewed as significant resources of the organization. The defense system is one of the most important state systems as it is one of the systems that has the largest number of personnel and the largest financial funds. In the period of transition and defense system reform, special attention should be paid to properly define and put into effect a human resources management policy.
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RISK ANALYSIS – PRESENT ANF FUTURE IN ROMANIA’S GOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITY

BUJOREANU Iulian

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The paper brings forward the existing preoccupations in the Romanian society in terms of developing a well structured and effective risk analysis body, the comments, initiatives and analyses present in the Romanian governmental environment. It develops both principles governing such an activity and the initiatives, situated at a premature beginning of generalization of the risk management activity that should represent the essential element of any governing strategy, policy, or program.
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INFORMATION SECURITY MANAGEMENT IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

SORA Daniel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Wireless cellular technology has made the cellular phone a must-have accessory that enables us to instantly communicate with friends, relatives, and business associates. Similarly, computers can also be free of wired connections when they are part of a wireless local area network (LAN). However, with this increased freedom comes increased risk of information compromise, particularly in wireless LANs. This paper explains wireless LAN technologies and addresses the associated wireless network security vulnerabilities and safeguards.
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ASPECTS REGARDING TRANSFORMATION AND DECISION-MAKING IN THE ROMANIAN MILITARY SYSTEM

TĂTAR Livia

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Transformation is a complex and difficult process whose success cannot be easily assessed due to its numerous implications and deep impact upon organizational culture and managerial practices in general, among which decision-making plays a crucial role. The hereby paper does not attempt to solve the challenges deriving from this, but rather raise awareness upon these concepts and encourage similar further endeavors.
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THE MILITARY ORGANIZATION AND INTERCULTUTRAL MANAGEMENT – GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

TĂTAR Livia

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Despite its profound implications in organizational culture and, therefore, management practices and techniques, intercultural aspects have only recently begun to suscite theorists’ interest in the sense of throughly analyzing cultural diversity within organizations. Although previous research has viewed cultural variety as a cause of conflict, difficult choice of motivating factors or hampered communication – to name but a few – current preoccupations focus more on valuing various sub-cultures for the purpose of increasing organizational performance and well-being. The hereby paper attempts to examine cultural diversity in the military system as a starting point of similar future endeavors.
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