The 7th Scientific Conference with international attendance

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

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NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY


The 7th Scientific Conference with international attendance organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

November 15th 2012, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY "CAROL I" PUBLISHING HOUSE
BRASOV, 2012

Moderators:
  • Military professor, PhD. eng. Daniel SORA
  • Senior Lecturer, PhD. eng. Cezar VASILESCU
Scientific Committee:
  • Senior Lecturer, PhD. eng. Cezar VASILESCU
  • Military professor, PhD. eng. Daniel SORA
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Lecturer, PhD Livia Ecaterina TĂTAR TURBATU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Candidate Brînduşa Maria POPA
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Aura CODREANU
Scientific Secretary:
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Candidate Brînduşa Maria Popa
ISSN: 2248 - 2245 (CD-ROM)
ISSN: 2248 - 2385 (online)

Conference snapshots
Contents:
Military Power + Military Ethics = Information Operations

MACCUISH Donald A.

Associate Professor, Strategy, Leadership, and Military Ethics/ Air Command and Staff College
Abstract
Traditionally, nation states, and for that matter non-state actors as well, have used military power as the primary means of furthering their political interests. I argue that the application of military power must be in harmony with one’s information narrative. If military and paramilitary personnel violate codes of behavior, then the information message is diminished. If I am correct then perhaps we should reframe and teach military ethics as part of the information campaign.
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GLOCAL CURRENCIES: A SPECIAL FOCUS ON ITALIAN COMMUNITIES AND EXPERIMENTS

BRAGAZZI Nicola Luigi

Dr, School of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL)/ University of Genoa
Abstract
Glocalization is a term introduced into the sociological literature by Roland Robertson and Zygmunt Bauman to indicate “the simultaneity - the co-presence - of both universalizing and particularizing tendencies”. Indeed, nowadays in a context of financial and economical crisis glocalization appears to be more and more urgent since new kinds of “glocal currencies” (glocal, in the sense of being local but inspired by a global sense of justice and welfare) and “glocal business” could be the key to overcome the hurdles encountered in the common everyday life. In fact new micro-credit based experiments and business, like MyBnk launched by the Italian Lily Lapenna in London or the Italian KivaMap, are becoming more common and widespread. In this contribution we study and analyze examples in Italian communities like new currencies like Sardex, Dropis or Scec and micro-credit bases business. We believe that this is a way to make what John Hicks claimed come true : “money is defined by its functions. . . money is what money does”.
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GLOCALIZATION: THE NEW ESTABLISHED TREND AFTER GLOBALIZATION?

BRAGAZZI Nicola Luigi

Dr, School of Public Health, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL)/ University of Genoa
Abstract
Glocalization is a term introduced into the sociological literature by Roland Robertson and Zygmunt Bauman to indicate “the simultaneity - the co-presence - of both universalizing and particularizing tendencies ”. If Coca Cola or McDonald invading Tiennamen square and colliding with Mao have been described as crucial example of the globalization process, now we look at intriguing contamination of these global symbols, a declination of them enveloped by the local atmosphere and culture. So thanks also to Slow Food Movement (inspired by Carlo Petrini) global fast food is served using local ingredients (like McFalafel), in such a way that even if global at the beginning the meal has now become local and to a certain extent unique. In a different field, all global languages (like English, Latin or Esperanto more recently) that have been created or were born in order to dominate all over the world have failed, and new local languages created by single authors are being developed, also to convey micro-meanings or micro-sentences. But glocal currencies and even glocal languages are different faces of the same medal: they represent the intrinsic need of man to rediscover the own Self and to make heard his voice, among many other voices.
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THE ROLE OF PRIVATE SECURITY COMPANIES IN THE FIGHT AGAINST ORGANISED CRIME AND MODERN TERRORISM IN THE AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

LLANAJ Ergys

Phd. Candidate Lt.
Abstract
Nowadays the Industry of Private Security (IPS) has been seen as a very efficient actor in security and has served as a vital relying point for governments all over the world. The present concern on the activities of criminal and terrorist international groups has attributed to the private security companies extra power especially in protecting the interests of those States which are concerned for their internal security. Modern terrorist in the 21st sentry has new aspects and characteristics different from the terrorist in the past years. The aim of this study is to shed some light on the complex link of modern terrorism and organized crime in the age of globalization and the role of this IPS in this big asymmetric war. In order to reach this aim the diverse aspects of globalization and the diametrically opposite approaches dealing with globalization are touched upon in order to understand its complex structure. Which will be the new challenge on the root causes of terrorism, organized crime and the advantages of using IPS, in the 21st century are to be discussed.
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ADDRESSING THE NEED OF QUALIFIED PERSONNEL IN DEFENSE INDUSTRY: THE TURKISH CASE

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
As it could clearly be seen in previous experiences and studies, having a sophisticated defense industry is essential in order to be ready against unconventional threats. However, it is a well known fact that all kinds of technology, products and services could be imitated in a considerably short span of time. Thus, the importance of qualified human resource gradually gains significance in terms of creating and maintaining strategic superiority in defense industry. The aim of this study is to call attention to the lack of academic publishing in Turkish literature and present both the current situation and necessary steps to be taken for the targeted HR success of the Defense Industry in Turkey, which holds 52% of self sufficiency at present. In order to present that, the legal implementation of the current personnel employment, training processes of Turkish Defense Industry and academic publishing related to this field have been examined. Obtained data is analyzed by using the methods of descriptive analysis, document and discourse analyses. In conclusion part, a training pragram is tried to be put forth to address the need of qualified personnel in defense sector.
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MINIMIZING THE DEVIATIONS IN DEFENSE PROJECTS: THE TURKISH CASE

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
In strategic documents published by Undersecretariat for Defense Industries, it is viewed that Turkey has targeted to have both authenticity and high technology in defense projects since its importance has been clearly defined in previous studies However, when the official reports have been examined it is also viewed that Turkey has failed to reach its objectives in this field. This study aims to present applicable solutions to minimize deviations in defense projects. In order to do that in an effective way, current projects of Turkish Defense Industry, strategic documents, conferences and academic publishing are examined. Obtained data is analyzed by using the methods of descriptive analysis, document and discourse analyses. Both the ideas of Turkish defense experts and outstanding examples from the world have been taken into consideration and concrete suggestions aiming to minimize deviations in this field are tried to be put forth in conclusion part.
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PERFORMANCE-BASED SERVICE ACQUISITION

YILMAZ Gunaydin

Army War Collage/ Istanbul/ Turkey
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to explore and analyze Performance Based Service Contracting (PBSC) and provide a clear description of PBSC to Department of Defense policy-makers. This Paper includes background information about PBSC, benefits and challenge of PBSC and recommendations (based on the findings) to the defense policy-makers for the implementation of PBSC. The ultimate goal of this paper is to serve tax payer by introducing a new contracting method to save money and increase the quality of service that is procured from the private sector.
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AUGMENTED REALITY IN MILITARY TRAINING AND EDUCATION

EJDER Ahmet

Army War Collage/ Istanbul/ Turkey

HASKOLOGLU Isa

Army War Collage/ Istanbul/ Turkey

DUZGUN Ali Kemal

Army War Collage/ Istanbul/ Turkey
Abstract
In recent years Augmented Reality (AR) has become widespread throughout the world and is used to make world easier. It is the combination of the real world and the virtual world. Augmented reality (AR) is a live, direct or indirect, view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented by computergenerated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It enhances one’s perception of the world by giving him/her valuable information. In this article we will discuss the applications of AR and its military applications and its advantages in military training and education by using it in military brochures, manuals and in the field.
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YOUTH POVERTY, VIOLENCE AND SMALL ARMS PROLIFERATIONS IN NORTHERN NIGERIA: CASE STUDY OF POLITICAL THUGGERY IN BAUCHI

WUNTI Musa Adamu

Department of Political Science, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Nigeria
Abstract
Poverty and violence have eaten deep the polity of Nigeria. This is evident from the fact that economic situation of the country is faced with numerous challenges. The paper is an attempt to investigate whether small arms proliferations in northern Nigeria have economic and political causes. It becomes a fashion among politicians to mobilize unemployed youth for political and socio-religious disturbances in order to actualize their personal gains Part of the outcomes of the problem is the spread of arms and ammunitions among political thugs which also left majority of the populace in a state of terror. The paper has explained the influence of poverty on youth restiveness in the Northern part of Nigeria, particularly its implications on proliferation of small arms. It is obvious that such phenomenon can be a threat to national security of the Nigerian state. The situation also is becoming worrisome to policy makers. As such, it has been argued by this paper that, systemic improvement in governance is necessary to strategize policy framework to address the menace and reduce possibility of complicating the situation. The essay concludes that Nigeria may have been tends to become more vulnerable to separatist violence and risks of instability like the one we are witnessing in the 21st century north eastern states.
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INTRODUCTION OF THE HUNGARIAN UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE OPERATOR'S TRAINING COURSE

FEKETE Csaba Zoltan

Military Aviation Department / Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training / National University of Public Service / Szolnok / Hungary

PALIK Matyas

Military Aviation Department / Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training / National University of Public Service / Szolnok / Hungary
Abstract
In today's modern army we are facing several unmanned aerial vehicles for various purpose. The Hungarian Defence Forces has gone two different types of UAV1s into service since 2010. Due to this reason it is essential to have well trained operators to run the UAS2 in proper ways. The operator’s training is realized in frame of a military training course. In the article the authors introduce the current training courses, summarize the experience has gained during the training and make suggestions for further studies. The last part of the paper includes a brief insight into an ongoing R & D3 project related sub-area in Hungary.
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COMMUNICATION ISSUES OF UAV INTEGRATION INTO NON SEGREGATED AIRSPACE

PALIK Matyas

Military Aviation Department / Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training / National University of Public Service / Szolnok / Hungary

PONGRÁCZ Gábor

ATM Expert, Aviation Division/Departmnet for Planning and Coordination/Ministry of Defence/Budapest/Hungary
Abstract
The constantly raising need of the integration of unmanned aerial vehicles and systems into the future ATM environment poses a significant challenge to all stakeholders of aviation. This study – within the „Új Széchenyi Terv (New Plan Szechenyi) „TÁMOP-4.2.1.B-11/2/KMR-2011-Critical infrastructure defending research” tender, and its subordinated plan, called „Data integration”, which highlighted project is the „Operations of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and its aspects for Air Safety” – concentrates on the issue of communication between unmanned systems and air traffic services or air navigation service providers, highlighting the issue of safety and security risks of future unmanned aerial systems communication concepts. In this perspective the safety of UAS operations are highly dependent on redundant communication channels connecting the UAS operator to its vehicle and to the air traffic services. Further serious issue can be revelled in the field of security matters of communication links, like unlawful interaction into unmanned operations.
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UAV OPERATION IN AERODROME SAFETY

PALIK Matyas

Military Aviation Department / Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training / National University of Public Service / Szolnok / Hungary

VAS Ti­mea

Military Aviation Department / Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training / National University of Public Service / Szolnok / Hungary
Abstract
Nowadays, the use of unmanned aircraft in the vicinity of airports, morover in controlled zone, can be realized, whether civil or military missions. Concerning the process of a flights, lasting from taking-off to landing, the most critical sector of the airspace are the final approach- and initial climbing area. The aerodrome controller is responsible for spacing in the above mentioned area, meanwhile prevent collisions, expedite and maintain the ordely flow of air traffic. The article describes the goals of UAV operation in controlled zone, moreover analyzes the aeronautical information services and air traffic control procedures and work factors affecting the flexible use of airspace, flight planning and airspace management when traditional aerial vehicle and UAV are flying at the same time. Finally, the authors propose a possible safety risks and solutions. The subject ,which is evaluated in the followings, is closely concerning to the „Új Széchenyi Terv (New Plan Szechenyi) „TÁMOP-4.2.1.B-11/2/KMR-2011-Critical infrastructure defending research” tender, and its subordinated plan, called „Data integration”, which highlighted project is the „Operations of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle and its aspects for Air Safety” analyzing the UAV operations in vicinity of airfields.
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CONSIDERATION ON JOINT FORCES IN POST-CONFLICT OPERATIONS

IOAN Sorin

Romanian Land Forces Staff
Abstract
The contemporary strategic environment might be described as uncertain, complex and it is subject to rapid changes, which requires constant monitoring and proactive engagement in order to mitigate the security challenges. Conflicts will exist for an undetermined period of time, being part of human nature. The wars will start and will come to an end through post conflict operations. Post-conflict operations consist of a complex and challenging set of tasks meant to provide a stable environment involving the military as well as other government agencies and multinational partners. In fact, the primary military contribution to stabilization is to protect and defend the population in order to create a platform for political, economic, and human security.
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ROMANIA WITHIN THE REGIONAL SECURITY ENVIRONMENT

GROSARU Florin-Eduard

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Understanding Romania's regional role must be correlated with understanding other actors' purposes and interests in the region, for this comprehension is tightly connected to geopolitical control and advantages. Therefore, Romania must display carefully and diplomatically these issues in order to harmonize its national and regional interests and play an active role in the decision-making process within European and Euro-Atlantic bodies.
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THE NEED FOR A STRATEGY AND ROMANIA'S STRATEGIC INTEREST IN SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE

GROSARU Florin-Eduard

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
After more than a decade since the beginning of the 21st century, the countries of the south-eastern Europe (SEE) are engaged in a medium and short-term process of social modernization at different stages due to the unprecedented mutations occurring within the extremely diverse and dynamic international context. The internal evolutions specific to reform and transition accompanied by external participation in achieving the new European defense and security architecture pose new, complex and supplementary challenges to the countries in the region concerning their development and integration, but also real opportunities resulting from the collective defense and security system. The subsequent requirements call for a common vision on the regional strategy meant to prove useful in supporting the national and regional political factors to assume all the responsibilities for collective security and defense. It is clear, however, that the political engagement must permanently benefit from the unconditional support of the civil society.
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CLOUD COMPUTING - A POTENTIAL PARADIGM CHANGE IN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

VASILESCU Cezar

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Since the paradigm shifts in the business landscape due to the uncertainty of economy, shortage of space, intensifying competition and a more demanding customer base, new priorities are arising for all organizations. Everything points to Cloud computing (CC) as the next game-changer in Information management. This paper address the complex issues that could impede the efficiency of Cloud services adoption if not addressed in the early phases of cloud strategy development and design. The first paragraph critically analyzes the existing three service models. Next, major Cloud computing benefits and issues are summarized, along with specific considerations regarding the financial aspects of the implementation. In the final paragraph, realities are examined, both from a customer and vendor perspective. It is underlined that in the governmental or military case, the most significant factor when choosing a CC service provider must be the availability and capability of it to respond to certain questions regarding legal/contractual protections for unexpected outages/loss of data.
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AUTOMATION MONITORING APPLICATIONS FOR iOS AND ANDROID MOBILE DEVICES

SORA Daniel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Many people will be able to leave their laptop at the office and handle essentially all of their mobile computing and communications tasks with a pocket-sized device. The level of capability in contemporary smartphones and tablets is remarkable and continues to grow. In this paper is presented a method of developing remote applications for smartphones/tablets running iOS or Android operating systems designated to monitor and control industrial automations.
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THE USE OF PRODUCTION ANALYSIS MODELS IN OPTIMIZING THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY CAPABILITIES

CONSTANTINESCU Maria

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
CPB intends to provide a better response to more dynamic and various risks and threats that address the economic, political, social and military stability of the contemporary world. In view of the aforementioned aspects, this paper intends to present an analysis of different ways in which the CPB process and the process of developing military capabilities may be modeled, taking into consideration the economical aspect of maximizing the required benefits while minimizing costs
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CHANGE CONVERSATION STYLE: CHANGE THE ORGANIZATION

CODREANU Aura

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Using conversation as a method to incur organizational change is no longer a novelty in the field. However, the suggestion made by this paper is that change can only occur when the prevailing conversational style employed by organizations aiming at undertaking transformation efforts is changed first. Moreover, the approach taken focuses on the dynamic nature of the organizational environment described by the verbal interactions and conversation patterns of work groups and individuals. Thus, as opposed to the mechanistic views often taken when trying to change organizations, this paper proposes that change has to occur at the level of employees and, more specifically at the level of naming and talking about organizational issues. The proposition underlying this is that while changing the attitude or behavior of people may be difficult if not impossible, focusing on their conversational style and linguistic patterns and molding these is more likely to trigger expected results. In this respect, it is worth reminding that any sentence formulated by an employee can be viewed as an organization’s “health” indicator given the specific organizational context underlying it, as well as the organizational roles and identities it mirrors (Heritage2010:42).
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ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND LEADERSHIP - POWER SOURCES IN ORGANIZATIONS

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Studies on leadership, as a social phenomenon abound, their evolution is largely progressive one, from relatively simple theories centered on certain characteristics of the leader, to complex theories that try to incorporate as many explanatory factors of the phenomenon as possible. This article will try to present the connection between leadership and organizational culture. It can be shown that organizational culture helps clarify many phenomena that occur in organizations and that culture can act as brake or as an incentive for the organizational effectiveness, as well as the fact that leadership plays a leading role in the formation and development of organizational culture.
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VALUABLE OR SMART INTELLIGENCE ACQUIREMENT

NEAGOE Visarion

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania

ANTON Catalin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Valuable or smart intelligence acquirement is an important key activity for each state, national and international organizations, both military and civilian, to gather all is necessary for being in the top of the economic, military, political and social statistics. For this reason there are spent annually huge quantities of money, used well trained human resources and materials to achieve different goals or to find the easiest and cheapest ways for getting these. So, to accomplish what they have proposed, all organizations, both national and multinational, have developed many offices worldwide to be permanently in contact with the last discoveries.
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SMART DEFENSE - A SOLUTION FOR LIMITED BUDGET?

TARIUC Alexandru Mirel

IPSDMH - Institute for Political Studies of Defense and Military History

GHERCIOIU Dragoș Gabriel

IPSDMH - Institute for Political Studies of Defense and Military History
Abstract
The actual economic downturn, in conjunction with the risks and threats for the global security environment inevitably lead towards a dramatic re-thinking of the way that NATO member countries have to fulfill their related responsibilities. A common component is the “Smart Defense” concept, referred as real cooperative way for the member states, to reduce/eliminate the useless redundancies, efficiency increase and express the solidarity between nations. Romania is trying to use the opportunities offered by the “Smart Defense” concept and a good example is the involvement in the Strategic Airlift Capability. Meanwhile, there is also true that “Smart Defense” by itself cannot solve the declining budgets’ problem, being only a component of the whole perspective.
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HUMAN RESOURCES AND THE OBJECTIVE CIVILIAN CONTROL

TARIUC Alexandru Mirel

IPSDMH - Institute for Political Studies of Defense and Military History

GHERCIOIU Dragoș Gabriel

IPSDMH - Institute for Political Studies of Defense and Military History
Abstract
Increase of the militaries’ professionalism is, according to the Samuel P. Huntington writings, the way to achieve objective civil control, meaning the way to assure political neutrality of the officers. It is essential for this professionalism to be clearly defined in order to avoid transforming it into a dead word, an empty box, repeated constantly during the official meetings. This paper is introducing a view on the military profession in Romania, noticing significant differences between the theories promoted by different famous authors, the related official documents and the actual perception of certain active officers on this concept. The necessity of a serious analysis regarding the characteristics of the military professionalism is outlined aiming to achieve the civil objective control.
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THE MILITARY SCIENCE - SYSTEM OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE

EPARU Marinel

Department of Joint Operations, Strategic and Security Studies/ “Carol I” National Defense University/ Bucharest,/Romania
Abstract
An essential feature of human is his will of knowledge owed to its own needs or system needs he is part of. We born with instincts and die with more or less developed volume of knowledge. Anyway, human gets along his existence a value by the things he knows, by the things he can do and by his creations. The military science by its content is a creation of humans which in the knowledge process use common but also specific techniques, methods, procedures, means, norms and principles.
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ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL DIMENSION OF THE EU DEFENCE AND SECURITY

BADEA Mădălina

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
The Union has today set a new strategic goal for the next decade: to become the most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world capable of sustainable economic growth to provide jobs to more and better jobs and greater social cohesion.
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OCCURRENCE AND EFFECTS OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC CRISIS

BADEA Mădălina

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
"The biggest economic crisis since the Great Depression is not a natural phenomenon but a man-made disaster in which all play a role"
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MAIN ASPECTS OF COLLECTIVE DEFENCE RECONFIGURATION THROUGH THE LENS OF NATO SUMMIT IN CHICAGO. USA AND RUSSIA - STRATEGIC REORIENTATIONS

MINCULETE Gheorghe

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania

RÂPAN Daniela

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
In the context of the current economic crisis, at the latest NATO Summit in Chicago efforts were made to reshuffle the Alliance on better and more equitable foundations. Essentially, it was an attempt of rebalancing between Europe and USA, on the one hand concerning budget contributions, and on the other hand concerning responsibilities. The cohesion of the Trans-Atlantic Community is under pressure because of the scarce financial resources, the political quasi-paralysis, the substantial institutional inertia and the emergence of new world powers, among which Russia and China. In its turn, USA is in a round-the-clock race for reducing its responsibilities in Europe and Afghanistan, reorienting itself towards the Asia-Pacific area. This summit has been described as the largest in the Alliance history, but also as one of austerity, Western armies being forced to cooperate more in order not to loose technological supremacy.
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ASPECTS ON THE MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF THE ROBO SECURITY MINI ROBOT MECHANICAL STRUCTURE USED IN SPECIAL APPLICATIONS

PETRIȘOR Silviu

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania

HUSTI Anamaria Ileana

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
In this paper, the authors wish to point at the means to integrate the software component for the modelling and simulation in a real-life environment of a mini robot mechanical structure with autonomous wheeled movement, a robotic structure used in military security applications. The “Robo Security” mini robot designed and built within the Management and Technology Research Center – the Advanced Logistics Technologies Laboratory within the “Nicolae Bălcescu” Land Forces Academy of Sibiu, can represent an additional element of a security structure, used for the relay and constructive jamming of a communication system. In order to demonstrate its usefulness, in terms of security features, the mini robot under study has in its structure a wire, which is controlled by an android system. The paper highlights the steps necessary for the 3D modelling and simulation of movement of the mechatronic system using several programming languages under several software such as: Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, by implementing libraries specific to programming within the OpenGL software using the C++ programming language as well as the MATLAB R2011b by using a peripheral device which captures the signal and transmits it to a special file in real time.
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EVALUATION OF QUEUING DISCIPLINES OVER THE NETWORK PERFORMANCE

FIȚIGĂU Ioan

Department of Communication, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania

TODEREAN Gavril

Department of Communication, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania

NEMES Zoltan

Department of Communication, Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Information Technology, Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Abstract
This paper presents a simulation analysis of different queuing disciplines and how they affect the performance and the utilization of the network resources. Some of the common queuing disciplines, first in first out (FIFO), priority queuing (PQ), weighted fair queuing (WFQ) are implemented using OpNet Modeler. Finally, based on the practical results obtained we present the conclusions and the efficiency of the packet delivery for different network services when queuing disciplines are applied.
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AN ANALYSIS UPON PRESENT CONTACTLESS SMART CARD TECHNOLOGIES

ANTON Valeriu

Romanian Naval Forces
Abstract
In few years, the new electronic identity services will be introduced to the public in Romania. The system is based on the smart card where the identification information is stored. The goal of such a project will be to get an electronic identification (EID)-card for everyone, so the security of the cards will be an essential object of inspection. This paper is about electronic identity and smart card technologies focusing their emerging security problems. The main part of the paper is the descriptions of different attacks against the cards.
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EUROPEAN ARMAMENTS CO-OPERATION STRATEGY

AVRAM Călin

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
The European Defence Agency (EDA) works in a policy area traditionally characterised by high diversity among actors regarding basic notions of what level of integration and which principles of interaction in the defence sector are appropriate for the EU, which countries should participate in defence cooperation, and what coordination mechanisms and instruments should be used.
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MULTINATIONAL APPROACHES IN MILITARY ACQUISITIONS

BĂNICĂ Marius

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
Political and military decision makers are trying to influence the future global security in a positive way. In the effort to tackle the new challenge, among other actions, EU launched the initiative for pooling and sharing while in NATO Smart Defence is at the heart of this new approach. Political environment has to strive to make Smart Defence successful. Is it possible to have the top priorities for NATO as the top priorities for each nation? Implementation of the Smart Defence concept is an opportunity for the revitalization of the defence industry particularly in EU.
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MOTIVATION - THEORIES

BANU Cătălin

NCO's School/ Boboc/ Romania
Abstract
This paper briefly characterizes the most well known theories regarding motivation and proposes an incipient new model.
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ITIL&FCAPS - NETWORK MANAGEMENT FUNDAMENTALS

BARBU Gheorghe

Romanian Air Forces
Abstract
This paper briefly brings together the basics of two network management frameworks. The reader will understand that there are a lot of models used in network modeling and management processes, but only two of these all are essential in simplifying network representation, managing, preparing for the future and developing. Network management fundamentals frameworks as ITIL and FCAPS are the keys of success in these areas.
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MILITARY BUSINESS ETHICS

BARCAN Luigi Dumitru

Navy Staff / Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
The modern military has to match its political and economical limits and ethical constraints with what it wants to do. Today it is well known that a professional military reflects the nation’s major values within its culture and shows the general concern for its present and future. Universal moral knowledge is like scarcity embedded into any budget for the reason that no matter how much money we have in a given budget there will always be a problem of not having enough money for spending. The problem is to harmonize issues and challenges of ethics impact on defense and welfare of the nation as a pervasive need.
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CONSIDERATION ON ANTIVIRUS PROTECTION AT ARMAMENTS DEPARTMENT

BIBO Lucian

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
Network’s infection by viruses is a cause of majority companies and governmental organizations losses. In some circumstances such infections appear despite antivirus protection existing on workstations. Ones can ask: Okay, but I have antivirus on each station, though I was infected. Why? The answer is many times simple: because the solutions were not correctly configured, installed and/or were not thought to work together. In this paper will be provided some piece of information about how these issues are approached at Armaments Department.
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THE ANNUAL PRODUCTION PROGRAM OF THE MAINTENANCE CENTER FROM LAND FORCES

BUCICĂ Nicolaie

102 MAINTENANCE CENTER "BUCOV", Romania
Abstract
This paper presents the annual production program from maintenance center, its structure the preparation, approval and data reporting stages.
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A EUROPEAN WAY OF WAR

CĂLIN Daniel

Ministry of National Defence / Defence Policy and Planning Department / Defence Policies Directorate / Bucharest / Romania
Abstract
Through establishment of ESDP/CSDP in late 1990s, following the French-British Declaration in Saint-Malo, the EU has developed a defence and security dimension in its own right and has managed to launch more than 20 civilian missions and military operations. While ESDP/CSDP is to be seen as the operational arm of the EU’s foreign policy, this essay tried to identify whether the Union had also its own way of waging wars, by that actually meaning to conduct crisis management operations based on an integrated / comprehensive approach. With a large array of instruments at its disposal, civil and military ones, the EU seems quite well prepared to respond to international crises, although of a limited scope and at the rather lower intensity spectrum. With the Treaty of Lisbon providing for a mutual assistance clause and due to the recent statements on a possible US retrenchment, the Union seems to have to assume greater responsibilities on the international stage. While the economic crisis requires innovative solutions to compensate for the cuts in MS’ defence budgets, the EU should try to demonstrate that it has both the will and the ability to strenghten its role as a meaningful security actor and complement NATO’s actions in this field.
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LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT

CARAVAN Constantin Alexandru

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
The necessity for a methodical, integrated, and comprehensive approach to system acquisition became obvious during last 20 years. Consequently it was important to develop an exhaustive method witch can explain the life cycle needs of a system, from the early beginning until the end, during its life. Lacking this, the product (or systems) performance through life can not be achieved at the expected level. Without a broad understanding of all aspect of life cycle component, a system in use involves spending more money after the acquisition phase than it was intended. Therefore, I think a summary of the concept of Life Cycle Management only provides some clarifications on issues that often are not taken into account when a product is acquired.
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TYPICAL COGNITIVE ERRORS IN INFORMATION PROCESSING: A THEORETHICAL APPROACH

CHIȘ Ștefan Horia

National Administration of Prisons / Baia Mare Prison / Romania
Abstract
The cognitive error represents the human tendency of drawing incorrect conclusions in certain cirmcustances, based on cognitive factors rather than on what is clear and rational. This is a form of a “cognitive shortcut”, often based on the “finger rule” and it includes errors in the statistic judgment, social attribution and memory. The cognitive errors are often present in the human thinking and they are studied by the cognitive science, social psychology, economic psychology etc. These errors are frequently caused by heuristic approaches, logical simplifications and decision rules, used in solving complex problems. When these simple decision approaches are employed in inappropriate situations, they lead to systematic and foreseeable mental errors, incorrect estimates and failed evaluations. Cognitive errors do not appear due to a pathological aspect but they are systematic errors of logic.
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CURRENT STRATEGIES TO INHANCE THE LEADERSHIP STYLE IN THE MILITARY

CIOLAN Iulian

Romanian Land Forces
Abstract
The role of leadership in the military is gaining increasing recognition. Just as society looks for a leader to define its purpose and lead it forward, military is concerned with the selection and development of people who can successfully lead the military organization through an environment characterized by uncertainty, global turbulence, and organizational instability.
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METEOROLOGICAL AND CLIMATIC RISKS - THREATS TO THE NATIONAL SECURITY

CIUCHEA Valentin

Maritime Hydrographic Directorate/ Romanian Naval Forces/ Romania
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to identify and categorize the meteorological and climatic risk phenomena most present on the Romanian territory and to assess the threats and their effects on the national security. In a restrictive manner these climatic risk phenomena are commonly included in the generic term of so-called climate change and sometimes even reduced to the most known global warming. It must be said that they occurred long before the actual perceivable effects of the climate change. By the other hand the climate change evidentially exacerbated the frequency and the intensity of the hazardous meteorological and climatic risk phenomena.
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FUNDAMENTAL ROLES AND PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

CIUNTU Cristian

Military Information Brigade/ Logistics/ Buzau/ Romania
Abstract
This paper intends to summarize the ideeas about Human Resource Management roles and to structure the functions existing in this domain.
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CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT TACTICAL DATA - LINK 16 NETWORK MANAGEMENT

COLȚĂNEL Cătălin Bogdan

95th Air Flotilla/ Bacau/ Romania
Abstract
Once the Romanian decision regarding F-16 Falcon multi-role airplane aquisition was taken, a large number of other issues has to be solve in order of use them as the best manner as posible. One of these issues consist of implementation and management of tactical data link - Link 16 network. Unfortunately, there is no “gain without pain” and the benefits of Link 16 cannot be realised without complex equipment, trained personnel and good organisation. Will see the way in which Romanian army will manage this situation.
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THE MANAGEMENT OF THE ARMED FORCES CERTIFICATION SYSTEM

CONSTANTINESCU Marius

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
In Romanian Armed Forces, Military Body for Certification, Accreditation and Surveillance (MBCAS) is responsible for management of certification, accreditation and surveillance activity. MBCAS performs second part audits at MOND suppliers and issues a two years certificate based on AQAP requirements. Romania, as part of NATO country ratified STANAG 4107 - Mutual Acceptance of Government Quality Assurance and Usage of the Allied Quality Assurance Publication. MBCAS has the obligation to organize and conduct the activities that result from STANAG 4107 requests. AQAP family represents ISO 9001 family plus specific, supplementary, requests. For this reason I will have a short presentation of ISO 9001 family and an enumeration of the most AQAP. Based on certifies emitted, the MBCAS have realized the List of Certified Suppliers (LCS). The LCS shows that the suppliers have been certified by the OMBCAS and fulfilled the AQAP requests.
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TIME MANAGEMENT - IDEAS TO IMPROVE TIME USAGE IN A MILITARY UNIT

CRINTEA Emil

Joint Logistics Command, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
The temporal factor is an objective dimension of the human existance and activity. Everything takes place in the context of the inexorable flow of time. every action and ongoing processes, natural and social phenomena and events are related and judged with reference to time. Time is the factor that imposes limites to any activity. Moreover, it is perishable and can not be stored. Time is a resource like any other but in one way it’s a unique resource. Its peculiarity is that, once lost, can not be recovered. It is one of the most important, that can increase efficiency, so that the proper management of time is an essential skill. This can lead to the increasing of personal productivity, allows us to concentrate on the priorities and in the end, have a direct effect on the improvement of the efficiency and on the entire success of the organization.
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CONFLICT MANAGEMENT WITHIN ORGANIZATIONS

DOBRE Dan

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
Every organization wants to be performant and to reach its goals, thust the members of the organization should have the same vision about what they are must achieve and the objectives must be clear for each individual and department. In order to do so, there should be found ways of recognizing and resolving conflict between people before this situation might become too serious to affect cooperation.
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E-LEARNING IMPROVEMENT IN AIR FORCE APPLICATION SCHOOL

DUMITRU Nelu

Air Force Application School/ IT&Com/ Boboc/ Romania
Abstract
Air Force training and education programs are designed to develop well trained officers, enlisted and civilian personnel in the critical thinking skills and technical expertise demanded by today's military challenges. E-learning enhances traditional course development by blending the latest and best information and technology available with legacy systems and methods. Resident program curricula can be enhanced by reusing products developed and utilizing technology insertion in training and education programs.
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HUMAN RESOURCES STRATEGY IN THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH CENTER FOR CBRN DEFENSE AND ECOLOGY

EPURE Gabriel

Scientific Research Center for CBRN Defense and Ecology/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
Scientific Research Center for CBRN Defense and Ecology (CCSACBRNE) is a part of the Military Equipment and Technologies Research Agency (METRA), under the Coordination of Department of Armament. CCSACBRNE has been continuously authority of consultancy and technical expertise of the Ministry of National Defense in the field of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) defense After 1989 there were a number of changes of technical, economic, social and juridical with important consequences on research and development process. Most technical and economic problems were surmounted by great flexibility and constant adaptation to economic and political environment. However, the challenges of human resources prove most difficult to overcome, with consequences on the future of the institution. This paper presents a proposal for a strategy designed to support human resources.
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THE NEW NATO DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS RESOURCE PLANNING AND PROGRAMMING

GANE Cristian

Defence Integrated Planning Directorate/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
The political and military process used by nations to provide the types of forces, assets and capabilities the Alliance requires to meet their defense commitments is Defense Planning. It ensures that NATO can undertake the full range of missions it has set for itself. The aim of the NATO Defense Planning is to build up a structured framework, within which national and Alliance defense planning activities can be harmonized to meet agreed targets in the most effective way, while respecting the principle of fair burden sharing and reasonable challenge.
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THE MANAGER/LEADER`S CHARACTER

ILIE Nicolae

Romanian Land Forces Staff
Abstract
The qualities of a great man are “vision, integrity, courage, understanding, the power of articulation, and profundity of character”[1]. The character is the highest and most synthetic layout of one`s personality, which emanates from the integration of an entire life experience into some specific psycho-behavioral ways. Unlike temperament, which represents the manifest form of the personality, the character can be seen as the consistent frame for personality, constituting the psycho-social core of human being relations. The character is closely related to social relations, being visible only when the individual interacts with the social environment.
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RISK MANAGEMENT - COMPONENT OF COST ANALYSIS

MATEI Viorel Cristinel

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
Risk management is the primary job of a project manager. Every project management technique is in fact a risk management technique. Some of techniques reduce the risk of being late and some of them reduce the chances of overrunning the budget. The present paper gives a short idea of how the risk management influence the cost of a product and how the cost can be reduced. The paper also includes a short explanation about the differencies between uncertainty and risk as they are perceived from the project management perspective.
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THE REFORM OF THE EU'S DATA PROTECTION RULES

MOLDOVAN Lucian

The 71st Air Flotilla / Câmpia Turzii/ România
Abstract
The rapid rhythm of technological change and globalisation have profoundly transformed the life of every people and the way in which an ever-increasing volume of personal data is collected, accessed, used and transferred. As of 1 January 2012, the European Union has 503.5 million people and more than 250 million internet users. A big part of these people use online services for commercial or social activities. In exchange for these services people provide personal data that can be used later by companies for different goals. Obtaining personal data has become a purpose and an asset for many companies. Collecting, accessing, analysing, transferring and using the data of potential customers is often an important part of their activities. Companies are using new technologies to develop smart ways for obtaining information and ordinary users are increasingly less protected. Many times, in this fast growing race for information, the rules, the laws and the people’s rights are violated. In order to protect the public against these abuses the European Comission was obliged to take action. This paper sets out the main elements of the reform of the EU framework for data protection.
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DEFENSE ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT WITHIN EU DIRECTIVES FRAMEWORK

NARIȚA Radu Marius

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
This paper summarizes briefly the European Unions regulations on acquisition, trying to outline the main aspects aplying to defense area. It begins with the principles stipulated in the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union – TFEU than, it introduces the regulatory framework in the field of procurement adopted by European Parliament and the European Council in order to achieve a European defense equipment market. It focuses on Directive 2009/81/EC that sets new rules for the acquisitions of armaments, ammonitions and war material and as well for the procurement of sensitive supplies, works and services for security purposes. The paper makes reference to exemptions based on article 346 TFEU as well as to offset and introduce the initiative of the European Defense Agency (EDA), the Code of Conduct on Offsets, that is a voluntary, non-legally binding, non-legally enforceable regime applicable to defense procurement contracts. The bottom line conclusion is that defense resources management sooner or later ends-up with the need of an acquisitions or modernizations program and at that point, there is always required to organize and run an acquisition procedure that must not only follow national legislative framework but also take into account the EU Directives and TFEU.
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KABUL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (KAIA) TRANSITION PLAN: CASE STUDY ON HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (HRM)

PETRE Marius

Offensive Air Operations Section Head/ Air Operational Component/ ROU AF HQ
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to present a case study, along with the way of approaching, on HRM, regarding KAIA Transition Plan from International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) led by NATO, to Afghan Guvernment Authority, represented by Ministry of Transportation and Civil Aviation (MoTCA). As you have already known, at the end of 2014, NATO/ISAF will finalize its mission in Afghanistan, and until 31st of December 2014, the security of the country will be gradually trasffered to the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). Also, the administration and management of the civil organizations/ structures (including the airports) have to be fully handed over to the Afghan Authorities. NATO’s involvement in Afghan aviation rehabilitation and transfer of responsibility, to Afghan authorities on civil aviation structure, were outlined in SACEUR’s directions and guidance for Afghanistan, which referred to operating KAIA – and other airports – as a key military task with the intention of transferring the responsibilities to Afghan Authorities as soon as practicable while safeguarding military operational requirements. At the same time, SACEUR highlighted that any transition plan had to be considered the "human capital issue" to enable the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA) to take over and run the airport.
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THE PLANNING-PROGRAMMING-BUDGETING SYSTEM (PPBS) - A REVOLUTIONARY DECISION-MAKING AND MANAGEMENT TOOL

PÂRVUȚ Valentin

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
In this short paper, we try to analyze and outline the importance and implications of PPBS, its nature and role and its potential impact on governmental agencies and institutions. Nowadays, more than ever before, organizations and institutions – generally, and governmental agencies and institutions – especially, are being confronted with the concept of PPBS (planning-programming-budgeting system). In a very complex world, in the context of evolution of the society, we need a process for identifying, costing and assigning a complexity of resources for establishing priorities and strategies in a major program and for forecasting costs, expenditure and achievements within the immediate financial year or over a longer period.
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COMMAND OF A LIMITED RESOURCES AND CONSTRAINTS BASED ENVIRONMENT

POLEANSCHI Paul Mugurel

Navy Staff / Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
Managing an organization is a challenging task. Management skills within a private company are measured in money and employees’ effectiveness. There are many ways to analyze how that company is doing its business, how resources are used and how efficient they return results. Managing a military organization is a different business, on terms of resources, efficiency, costs and results. How to train military managers and leaders, how to use their skills and check their abilities, is a challenge itself.
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CONSIDERATION ABOUT RECRUITMENT, RETENTION, RETIREMENT AND RECONVERSION A CURRENT STRATEGIC ISSUE FOR THE ARMED FORCES HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

RĂDULESCU Fănel

Navy Staff / Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
The HRM consist in all activities focused on acquirement, development, motivate, and maintain human resources in the organization framework in order not only to rich the organization’s goals with maximum efficiency but also to satisfy the employees needs. HRM is also a strategic and comprehensive approach to managing people and the workplace culture and environment. As a result of evolution and organization’s development, the HRM managers have to realize a specific plan dedicated to recruit and retain those personnel which has the requested qualification by the organization. The program implementation consist in personnel recruitment, selection, integration, training, choosing and giving the proper benefits, rewards, and continuously performances evaluation in order to assure the organization’s goals fulfillment. The development of human resources consist in training of dedicate persons for dedicate job’s position regarding the organization needs. In order to choose the proper preparation of HRs, the HR manager must take in consideration the employee motivation and capabilities. Effective HRM enables employees to contribute effectively and productively to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of the organization's goals and objectives. In order to maintain a good relationship between organization administration and employees, a set of activities such as conflicts management, employee guidance, building-up a strong relationship with syndicates, must be developed at the level of organization. Depending of the organization evolution a set of measures have to be taken in order to employ, remove, or assure reconversion programs for personnel. All that activities is representing the Human Resources Management, and should by same in both civilian and military framework.
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HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN PENITENTIARY INSTITUTIONS. STAFF KNOWLEDGE AND EVALUATION PROCESS

ROMAN Robert Cristian Raul

National Administration of Prisons / Baia Mare Prison / Romania
Abstract
Human resources management have experienced many substantial changes as a result of experience gained, the pressures of scientific results and extremely rapid changes produced on all landings of social life. This paper will present the importance of human resources management for the activity of a penitentiary.
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CURRENT ISSUES IN INFORMATION SYSTEM SECURITY MANAGEMENT

SĂPUNARU Doru

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
Determining the exact requirements for security for a given organization is essential for implementing the proper security measures. Such measures are designed to protect information systems from security breaches. The Internet and computer networking requires a new security measures and policies to reduce the threats and challenges inherent from these new technologies and software applications and network devices. The information security attacks of an organization’s assets have high dollar impact, loss of customer confidence, and negative business reputation. An organization must analyze its assets and the threats these assets face from either inside attacks or outside attacks.
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RISK MANAGEMENT IN MULTINATIONAL IT PROJECTS

ȘCHIOPU Emil

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
Cultural differences have become more perceivable at the same time as national borders have become less relevant and economic systems more dependent on each other. Current concepts about culture do not seem to help in understanding the differences and their effects in practice. Despite the previous efforts within the project management discipline, a large variety of concepts and the lack of practical solutions are leading to disregarding especially the innovation potential arising from multiculturalism.
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APPROACHES TO MANAGING THE LIFE CYCLE COST

SLĂVULETE Tudorel

Logistic Directorate/ General Staff/ Romania
Abstract
Top managers are deeply involved in the strategic decision making process that affects the future of their organization on long term. At a particular time they have to decide what type of equipment they should commission into service so as to keep up with the progress of the society, to make profit for their company or to add more value to their current operations. Since they no longer consider their decisions on the acquisition cost as being the main cost driver, they have become more and more interested in pointing out both the total cost of ownership and the main challenges they will have to face with so as to manage the total cost.
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SENSITIVE INFORMATIONS MANAGEMENT

STANCU Florian

General Staff, Romania
Abstract
Since the oldies times it has been known, information means the power. From that we can find out that it is most important to keep sensitive information inside the organization and, on the other hand trying to reach more information from the opposite organizations. This is an informal rule that can involve a very formal issue, information security and sensitive information management. The purpose of this paper is to show to the reader some principles, policies and rules of information security in order to reach a good management of sensitive information. Loss, misuse, modification or unauthorized access to sensitive information can negatively affect the privacy or welfare of an individual, trade secrets of a business or even the security, internal and foreign affairs of a nation depending on the level of sensitivity and nature of the information.
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OVERVIEW ON THE DEFENCE PLANNING PROCESS, ON THE MILITARY BUDGETS AND ON THE DEFENCE EXPENDITURES DATA OF DIFERRENT STATES

STĂNICEL Radu

ANRSPS/ DCAV/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
The present study begin from a simple analysis of the defence planning processes, the planned budgets and military expenses of the states and intends to identify in those information indicators determining the military posture of states.
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NATO DEFENSE PLANNING PROCESS - CONECTION TO THE ROMANIAN DEFENSE PLANNING

ȘUȘMAN Dan

Defence Integrated Planning Directorate/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
The NDPP in the Alliance is a crucial tool which allows member countries to benefit from the advantages (political, military and resource) of working together. Within the planning process, Allies contribute to enhance security and stability, and share the burden of developing and delivering the necessary forces and capabilities needed to achieve the NATO’s objectives. The defense planning process prevents the renationalization of defense policies, while at the same time it recognizes national sovereignty.
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MILITARY LEADERSHIP - A DIFFERENT ANGLE

VASILE Adrian

Romanian Air Force/ MK Airbase/ Romania
Abstract
Leadership and especially military leadership were the faithful companions of mankind with the power to influence evolution, developping a common behavioral language. Being a permanent need but at the same time a product of civilization, military leaders had their share in shaping society as society was polishing the art of leadership. Complex in itself with glorious past and promising future, military leadership is one of the mankind valuable diamonds, therefore an organic element in building the modern society.
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MENTORING AS AN IN-HOUSE PROGRAM IN ROMANIAN NON-PROFIT ESTABLISHMENTS SOME CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

CODREANU Aura

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Current economic challenges rise for most non-profit establishments worldwide issues related to maintaining product or services quality standards in the context of dwindling resources. This article argues that along with the need to tackle financial constraints, the need to retain and develop personnel with in-house resources is both a challenge and opportunity with a say in the future of any organization. Consequently, the focus of the paper is on briefly outlining the stages need to be undertaken in order to start running an in-house mentoring program. Thus, by listing the positions to be involved in such a program, the instruments needed for every stage of the process, the article identifies some of the most common challenges and opportunities ensuing form initiatives aimed at developing mentoring programs as an in-house service of non-profit establishments.
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THE NECESSITY OF BUILDING AN EFFICIENT TEAM

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Teamwork is the ability of the team to work together effectively, to achieve common goals and it is essential for organizational success. For this reason, organizations are constantly striving to improve team performance. Organizations aim to design, create and support high performance teams, which are able to understand organization's objectives and to contribute to the organizational success.
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GENERAL ENTERPRISE ARCHITECTURE CONCEPTS AND THE BENEFITS FOR AN ORGANIZATION

VASILESCU Cezar

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Managers need to understand the relationships among information architectures and infrastructures and strategic planning within their organizations. This will enable them to make the best use of technology to support the organization’s efforts to accomplish its mission in the most efficient and effective manner. This paper examines the intent and significance of policies in regard with Information Technology Architectures. The concept of an Enterprise Architecture (EA) is introduced with a focus on using such architecture as an enabler to accomplishing the mission of the organization. The benefits and costs of an EA are also discussed. Among the topics covered are gaining executive support for an EA, overcoming impediments to developing and implementing an EA and understanding the role of the Chief Information Officer (CIO) in the development and implementation of the architecture. The paper emphasizes the importance of an EA in aligning the infrastructure with the strategic direction of the organization.
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FACTORS INFLUENCING AN ENTERPRISE DYNAMICS IN THE CONDITIONS OF ITS PARTICIPATING TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF MILITARY CAPABILITIES

CONSTANTINESCU Maria

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The company, as a participative part active in the market economy, has as main goal making profit. In the case of company connection to the military area, many of the competition rules acquire new accents that are not in its main activity in the market. It is possible that some of the company’s objectives, even its strategy on different time horizons, may acquire new meanings that were not originally anticipated. For this reason it is good to know in-depth the relevant variables that determine a stable and sustainable dynamic of the company in terms of contact and integration in the process of implementation, operation and demobilization of military capabilities.
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SECURING IT NETWORKS WITH ISMS FAMILY OF STANDARDS (ISO 27001 SERIES)

SORA Daniel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
An organization's information is dependent upon information and communications technology. This technology is an essential element in any organization and assists in facilitating the creation, processing, storing, transmitting, protection and destruction of information. Where the extent of the interconnected global business environment expands so does the requirement to protect information as this information is now exposed to a wider variety of threats and vulnerabilities. International Standards for Management Systems incorporates the features on which experts in the field have reached a consensus as being the international state of the art. Through the use of the Information Security Management System (ISMS) family of standards, organizations can develop and implement a framework for managing the security of their information assets and prepare for an independent assessment of their ISMS applied to the protection of information, such as financial information, intellectual property, and employee details, or information entrusted to them by customers or third parties.
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