The 8th Scientific Conference with international attendance

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

Pdf Version;

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY


The 8th Scientific Conference with international attendance organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

November 14th 2013, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY "CAROL I" PUBLISHING HOUSE
BRASOV, 2013

Moderators:
  • Advanced Instructor, PhD. eng. Daniel SORA
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Candidate Brînduşa Maria POPA
Scientific Committee:
  • Senior Lecturer, PhD. eng. Cezar VASILESCU
  • Advanced Instructor, PhD. eng. Daniel SORA
  • Lecturer, PhD Florin Eduard GROSARU
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Lecturer, PhD Aura CODREANU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Candidate Brînduşa Maria POPA
Scientific Secretary:
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Candidate Brînduşa Maria Popa
ISSN: 2248 - 2245 (CD-ROM)
ISSN: 2248 - 2385 (online)

Conference snapshots
Contents:
DEFENSE ACQUISITION TRANSFORMATION: THE TURKISH CASE

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey

UNSALDI Muzaffer

Strategic Research Institute (SAREN), Department of Defense Resources Management, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
As it is pointed out in a previous document published by Shaffer technology growth is a non-linear process whereas acquisition path remains linear. Therefore, a need for defense acquisition transformation is emphasized in many current reports and studies in order to avoid problems related to acquisition process. Within that scope, major efforts such as the Act No. 3238 have led to improvements in the defense acquisition in Turkey. However, it is also seen that many of the key reforms have not been sufficiently implemented. In order to implement acquisition reforms successfully, addressing the properly trained and qualified workforce gains significance. This study aims to present both current and envisioned defense acquisition process in Turkey in a comparative manner and to discuss necessary methods and precautions to improve this process. In order to present that, current legal procurement documents of Turkish Defense Industry and academic publishing related to this field have been examined. Obtained data is analyzed by using the methods of document and discourse analyses. Concrete suggestions aiming to improve acquisition process is tried to be put forth in conclusion part.
Pdf Version
UTILIZATION OF MARGINAL COST OF WARFARE IN NATIONAL DEFENCE STRATEGY

KORIDZE Irakli

Ministry of Defense, Georgia
Abstract
The idea of this work is to identify and highlight an aspect of the warfare, that may be used as one of the core principles for designing a National Defence Strategy – the marginal cost that an aggressor incures during the stay in a host country. The use of this feature by the oppressed nation may be the key to its independance and in-advance-organization of defence forces with the purpose of making invader pay as much as possible, may strenghten defence capabilities of a country, as well as preserve it’s resources.
Pdf Version
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY STRATEGY IN THE RM

TURCAN Oleg

Ministry of Defense / 1st Infantry Brigade "Moldova"/ Baltsy/ Republic of Moldova
Abstract
The definition and implementation of national security strategies are of exceptional importance for every state. Moreover, this process is extremely important for the European States at the beginning of a new millennium, when integration and co-operation tendencies become more intense in diverse areas, when the desires to overcome the old antagonisms are transformed into common efforts of identification and edification of new security models.
Pdf Version
THE NATO CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE AS RESOURCE FOR CAPABILITY TRANSFORMATION MANAGEMENT IN THE NORTH-ATLANTIC ALLIANCE

SIMION Eduard

NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence - Oradea, Romania

SABAU Alexandru

NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence - Oradea, Romania
Abstract
The paper debates the emergence of NATO Centers of Excellence (COEs) as valuable resource for capability development within the framework of NATO transformation efforts. For this purpose, COEs provide a broad range of deliverables in their area of service, covering aspects pertaining to doctrine and concepts development, evaluation and validation of new theoretical and practical solutions to meet identified gaps and shortfalls, delivery of education and training services, managing the lessons learned and analysis process and providing advise on matters covered by their subject matter expertise. A meaningful example for the value added to a military discipline is the NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence (HCOE) from Oradea, and the paper offers a brief overview of its most relevant achievements that contribute to an enhanced HUMINT capability within NATO.
Pdf Version
CYBERSPACE, A NEW PLAYGROUND FOR TERRORISTS

CIOBANU Alexandru

Ministry of Internal Affairs / Department for Intelligence and Internal Protection, Romania
Abstract
Cyberspace is characterized by the lack of state borders, anonymity and dynamism. The more a State is computerized, the more vulnerable it is. Ensuring the safety of cyberspace must be a major concern of all stakeholders, especially at institutional level, where it comes the responsibility for development and enforcement of consistent policy in this field. States that produce and export the technology in the field of cyber security, to other states, have an advantage in front of them, being able to monitor their activities and gather intelligence from areas of crucial importance, such as energy, health, economics, the military, politics and others alike.
Pdf Version
THE NECESSITY TO CREATE A COMMON EUROPEAN SPACE FOR SECURITY AND COOPERATION

BARA Vasile Lucian

Oradea University, Department of Environmental Protection, Romania
Abstract
EU's cooperation with NATO is, from personal perspective, of vital importance at the moment. NATO is in a very important organization that ensures security perspective for a large percentage of the European population. If the European Union was originally founded on economic criteria, and tries to preserve its main objectives, with certain exceptions elusive, and the fact that three quarters of European states are members of NATO, a closer cooperation is unavoidable for the proper functioning of states. We don’t have a safe economy if there is no security. Thus in the present study, we addressed the need for the creation of the single European Security and Cooperation, the place that Romania occupies at the interference of the two actors in the world and efforts to fulfill the tasks required of them.
Pdf Version
ENERGETIC SECURITY - STRATEGIC OBJECTIVE FOR EU AND NATO

PASARE Claudiu Ionel

"Mihai Viteazul" National Intelligence Academy, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
This paper aims to illustrate, from a theoretical point of view, the idea that great powers are constantly looking for opportunities to get more power, arguing their actions that are made to achieve this goal, through the fact that this way they feel more secure. This paper focuses on the evolutions of key international actors on the international scene in the context of competition for energy resources. Taking into account that energy security is an essential component of national and international security, identifying the threats and vulnerabilities of energy infrastructures is absolutely vital. The use of energy resources in the relations between great political powers became an efficient instrument to influence other actors’ behavior or to control them in order to achieve someone’s own interests. NATO and especially EU are directly interested in ensuring the energy security of its members and try to complete each other.
Pdf Version
EMOTIONAL, SITUATIONAL AND MULTICULTURAL AWARENESS - AN ESSENTIAL CONDITION OF MILITARY TEAM LEADERSHIP EFFICIENCY

COJOCARU Carmen Luminița

"Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy, Department of Navigation and Naval Management, Constanta, Romania
Abstract
This study aims to investigate the way in which emotional, situational and multicultural awareness influences the efficiency of activities related to military team leadership in the dynamic conditions specific to complex military missions. The present study inserts emotional, situational and multicultural awareness into the larger scope of emotional intelligence which has been widely studied by us in our own research in 2008 when we identified factorial solutions of emotional intelligence in navy students and officers’ personality.
Pdf Version
E-LEARNING RESOURCES USED FOR IMPROVING STANAG SKILLS

APOSTOL-MATES Raluca

"Mircea cel Bătrân" Naval Academy - Constanța, Romania
Abstract
It is well known that the new generation of “digital natives” needs new teaching-learning strategies complementary or opposed to the old/traditional ones that permit learners to communicate and collaborate, and even switch the role with their teacher, sometimes. E-learning is the common frame of this new type of transmitting-acquiring information, providing an open and transparent environment for learners, ensuring also an authentic audience when they are to display the results of their work. Web-based learning and computer-learning showed that new technologies make a difference in education when properly used.
Pdf Version
Wi-Fi PROTECTED SETUP - SECURITY ENHANCEMENT OR THREAT?

SORA Daniel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Even if you’ve encrypted and secured your wireless network with Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA or WPA2), a security hole affecting most wireless routers may make it fairly easy for those with the right tools to hack your network and connect. They could then steal the wireless Internet access, possibly connect to your computers, and snoop on your network traffic to perhaps capture your passwords and hijack your online accounts. This security hole comes from the Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS) feature designed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to – ironically – make securing and connecting Wi-Fi devices easier and has been included on the majority of wireless routers made since 2007.
Pdf Version
UNDERSTANDING WIRELESS DOS ATTACKS

OGÎGĂU-NEAMȚIU Florin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Technological developments in recent years combined with better price-performance ratio and increasing mobility have led to a major development of wireless network technologies. Often in this process encouraged by the enthusiasm of their findings as well as increased demand from the market for such equipment developers have focused their efforts mainly on creating technologies that will provide better data transfer rates over greater distances and neglected the problem of safeguarding the privacy of data. However, organizations need to control and prevent their network and systems from being exposed to wireless attacks. Because many organizations overlook the potential impact of a Denial of Service (DoS) attack against their wireless networks this paper aims to analyze this kind of attacks and present the massive destructive impact that could range from service degradation to a complete loss of availability of the wireless network within the organization.
Pdf Version
METHODS, TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURES TO MAXIMIZE THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE ON THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MILITARY LEADERSHIP

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Increasing military leadership efficiency can be achieved through a combination of methods, techniques and different procedures. Thus, the maximization of the military leadership efficiency is achieved through the flexibility of the commandant and his management team members, through their creativity in performing the duties emerging from their status in the organization, through the effectiveness of their entire management work.
Pdf Version
COHESION IN THE MILITARY

ZIBILEANU Ionel

Fleet Command, Romanian Navy/Constanta/Romania
Abstract
The cohesiveness is considered to be an important characteristic of a group: it helps organizations increase the overall performance. Although, there are situations in which the cohesion may decrease the productivity or work against the organization. The military organization is different from a regular civilian organization: it is mission oriented, focused on effectiveness while the group cohesiveness plays a small part in the outcome. More than that, military leaders, even having coercion tools available, they have much fewer tools then civilian leaders to adjust groups’ cohesion in order to fit organizational needs. Military leaders need to balance the authority and group expectations.
Pdf Version
CONSIDERATION ABOUT QUALITY RELATED PROCESSES AND MILITARY SYSTEMS

ENACHE Costel

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
When you state that the military was a pillar of human society along the history, you will definitely find enough interlocutors from civil society that will lenient approve you. But when you stand that the military systems have had a very significant contribution in the development of human civilization, you may assume the risk to receive a chorus of whistles from the audience. In a very short overview, considering the immensity of domain to which is related this excerpt, I consider that, as far as quality processes concerned, military have played a significant role in establishment and development of one of the most important engine of increasing the level of comfort for entire society.
Pdf Version
ORGANIZATIONAL LIFE CYCLES AND MANAGEMENT STYLES

MAIOR Alexandru

Ministry of National Defense, 4th Infantry Division HQ, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Abstract
In this paper I try to emphasize the link existing among organizational life cycles and management styles, starting from the models of organizational evolution and the ways different type of organizations are managed according to the stage of their existence. I choose to study the model designed by Lawrence M. Miller, which had an interesting approach regarding organizational life cycle. Cyclic evolution of civilizations and larger organizations was described in the book Barbarian to Bureaucrats having six stages: prophet, barbarian, builder & explorer, administrator, bureaucrat, and aristocrat. Based on this model that is referring mostly to civilizations and corporations, I try to transfer the view toward military organizations. Some typical features that characterized organizations according their life stage and, the relationship between the nature of leadership and the stage an organization go thorough will be presented. The reason I choose this topic is connected to the idea, people could behave better and perform well in an organization they know and, also, they could be confidently involved in changes that faces organization environment and its management. It could be valuable in a military organization as it is worthy in others fields.
Pdf Version
LOGISTIC AND SUPPORT TO EXPEDITIONARY WARFARE

BELA Costea

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
If we take a look into the future, we will see that coming military operations and correspondently logistic support will take place in joint manner, with high speed in order to achieve success, in the shortest time, in the missions on field, and beyond it. To complete this mission logistic is considered to be the key of success, and its continuous adaptation to the new challenges of asymmetrical threat must be a priority objective in the medium and long term. A different way of thinking is essential to be prepared for the future requirements; correspondingly the forces must be prepared to adapt rapidly to unexpected circumstances and new challenges.
Pdf Version
THE MILITARY ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE: ASSUMPTIONS AND CONSTRAINTS

PĂCURARU Dan

Romanian Air Force / 1st Surface-to-Air Missile Brigade "General Nicolae Dăscălescu"/ București/ Romania
Abstract
The present paper is aimed to delineate a level of awareness regarding the specificities of the military system which are to be considered by one who is looking into the possibility of joining the organization. It is more or less an inventory of the unique combination of characteristics that apply within the military environment. A bunch of relevant assumptions and constraints have been iodentified and referred to such as: strictness; discipline; loyalty; hierarchal structure; uniform; good health and physical condition; adaptabilit. The considerations hereafter do not represent the result of a research investigation regarding the military organizational culture. They are simply a collection of personal thoughts issued on the grounds of the personal experience gathered as a military.
Pdf Version
CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

ANDRIEȘ Cristian

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
CRM was initially developed as a response to new insights into the causes of aircraft accidents. One of the causes has been found the inability of crews to respond to the situation in which they find themselves. Inadequate solutions could lead to a loss of situational alertness, a failure in teamwork in the aircraft, and final to a wrong decision or series of decisions which outcome in an incident or a fatal accident. This concept is now adopted and implemented in many domains where seems to be a very good instrument dedicated to improving safety and performance.
Pdf Version
PERSONNEL MOTIVATION - FACTORS AND OPPORTUNITIES

GEAMĂNU Viorel

General Staff, Romania
Abstract
Motivation is a very important process in human resources area. Personal motivation will increase the individual performance and by default the organization performance, but is contributing also to increasing the employee satisfaction. The development and evolution of the organization is linked to the employee improvement. Using the theories as a base, some factors and the associated opportunities were analyzed to underline ways for motivating employees and recommending actions at the manager’s level.
Pdf Version
THE IMPORTANCE AND PRACTICABILITY OF THE OPERATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY FLIGHT LINE

STEFAN Visinel

Aplication School of Aviation "Aurel Vlaicu" / BUZAU/ ROMANIA
Abstract
In this study I've tried to emphasis the significance and aplicability of the ORM in the RO Air Force flight line.Using the ORM theory (purpose, goals, principles and steps of the process) I explained how that process is implemented in romanian military aviation. To undestand the practicability of the process I have been presented the main cathegory of mishap that could appear in flight or in the flight line emphasize on how we implemented the diminution or removing measures. I presented the responsabilities of Air Force staff at all level of command, tools used for implementation and also the conclusion.
Pdf Version
MODIFYING MANPOWER IN MoND FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE

NICOLAE Dumitru Petrica

191st Communication and Information Logistic Base/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
It is well known that changes in the structure of an organization should be performed after extensive analysis, starting from the necessity of changing and lead the way for making the effective change. In MoND changes are very well planned and do not occur without warning. In fact, before the effective change, military units follow some strict steps, during few months. The project of future structure suffers a lot o changes/updates before becoming operating. But what happens when changes occur as a result of external pressures, without any analysis, in short time, and is limited just to cut the empty positions at the time? What will happen with the military unit goals? Will the remaining personnel accomplish all the objectives of the unit? If yes, how much will be the efforts and what about the quality of their work?
Pdf Version
DEFENSE CAPABILITIES PLANNING USING GAME THEORY

NEDELCU Marian

The 8th LAROM BRIGADE/Romanian Land Forces
Abstract
There are new trends and concepts in defense capability planning. All of them try to develop models capable to provide efficiency in resources allocation and obtain the maximum response to the national security. Defense capability planning using game theory falls within a much broader category of conflict interaction that also includes economics competitions, election campaigns, industrials disputes, lawsuits. In this paper I develop a model, based on mathematical tools provided by game theory, to study how the defense planners have to react to a given sets of threats, and how this treats is changing as a response to the capability structure and level of readiness. The national security is viewed as a strategic defender who defends a system of independent components against attacks of strategic attackers. The reliability of system’s components depends on how strongly it is defended and attacked.
Pdf Version
THE MILITARY AS A COSMOPOLITAN: THE ROLE OF INTERCULTURAL EDUCATION

DRUGAU Inocentiu

General Staff, Romania
Abstract
After the affirmation of Western-style democracy, citizens are no longer constrained by national borders, and democracy spreads through dialogue and incentives, not coercion and war. Traced in European age of discovery and voyages to the New World, Globalization, a reality of our life and a more common term, is the process of international integration coming from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture. Advances in transportation and telecommunications infrastructure, including the rise of the telegraph and its posterity the Internet, are major factors in globalization, generating further interdependence of economic and cultural activities. In a search to response to the challenges of globalization we are looking for viable and humane behavior and, why not, this could be the cosmopolitan one. Cosmopolitan behavior could determine and influence cosmopolitan democracy, global governance with democratic norms and values trough strengthening and reforming, shaping and transforming existing international organizations and creating new ones, dramatic changes in the foreign policies of nations to make them compatible with global public interests in order to reach „The Global Commonwealth of Citizens”. Democracy can be extended to the global political arena giving voice to new global players such as social movements, cultural communities, and minorities to solve common problems, and encourages democratic governance at the local, national, regional, and global levels. As actors in this process, acting trough human nature, intercultural and cross-cultural, knowledge is a must.
Pdf Version
AN ANALYSIS OF CIS ARCHITECTURE FRAMEWORKS USAGE IN THE MILITARY ENVIRONMENT

ALEXANDRESCU Mihai Cătălin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Since 1990s, architecture modelling is used to define and design better communications and information systems. The experience of other nations demonstrated the value of developing and using of CIS architectures in order to better serve the business processes of an enterprise. Romanian MoD should use this experience to improve its own CIS.
Pdf Version
CHANGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

CIMPOIAȘU Constantin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
What can Romanian Armed Forces commanders do to prepare for succesfully implement the organizational change? First of all the commanders must understand in detail how the military organizations run and how the organizational change influences the military culture. The paper is an exercise which try to explain how a military organizational change depend on a continued leadership commitment and efforts at all levels. Any imbalance occured during organizational change phases will have effect in the outcome of the process.
Pdf Version
HUMAN RESOURCES - AGILITY BUILDING WITHIN V.U.C.A. ENVIRONMENT

FURDUI Daniel

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Very few people are not able to see that nowadays reality is changing too quickly too often too radical and too... you named how. In the same time nowadays reality become more and more interconected more and more interdependent and for sure more pressed for time, especialy decision time. Reality overcomes us with challenges never encounter yet and the relatively new world, the virtual one, bring at fast peace virtual adversaries or virtual tools, making the response needed to chalanges eaven hard to find or if found are too often born already obsolete. Hence normal human ability to predict and planning dimminished as a consequences of the complexity and dinamics of environments and often responses necesary to cope with reality for survival have different nature as it was used to be. At certain extent this „behavior” of reality was encompased in V.U.C.A. terms and it must have an answer or a solution too. More and more people use the terms of agility as the answer to this reality.
Pdf Version
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN WINTER SPORTS CLUBS

HINCU Madalin

Land Forces, Predeal, Romania
Abstract
The current trends in sports require resorting to human resource management in order to ensure the interconnectivity of structures and activities. Applying management principles in winter sports contributes to accomplishing full operation of the system, as well of the resources and, hence, the possibility to resort to a variety of means in order to accomplish stated goals and objectives. Given the critical need to be part of the sports elites at national and international level, the behaviors of the personnel must ensure flexibility, creativity, responsibility and involvement into creating a powerful culture that can adapt to change. To improve long term performance in the winter sports area, change is an imperative. With a view to all of the above, the current article focuses on the analysis of the missions, goals and objectives of the C.S.A.M. (the military winter sports club) “Bucegi” in order to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats raised by the internal and external environment.
Pdf Version
PROBABILITY

OLARIU Radu Florin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
In this paper are gathered basic concepts used in probability theory, some of the fundamental rules and several uses of them. Most of these concepts are only the prerequisites of more complex models and formulas used in almost every aspect modern life from science to business or even politics. The final goal of these models is to help managers or even individuals in making accurate decisions based on historical facts or data bases that they can access.
Pdf Version
MILITARY DECISIONAL PROCESS

PANCU Mircea

"Henri Coandă" Air Force Academy
Abstract
The military decisional process is a method of analytic approach for the variants of action and, thus, a means that helps the commander and the general staff in solving the problems properly. A complete military decisional process is an integrated part of planning, while it focuses on details and achievement. This kind of process usually corresponds to cases when assessments and operation plans are drawn up, when a new mission is planned, or for the general staff training, so that a military decision can be taken.
Pdf Version
INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT: TO MANAGE OR NOT?

SCURTU Remus

Romanian Naval Forces Staff/Logistics Department
Abstract
Through this paper, I am intending to analyze and understand at least the importance, the functions, the nature and the outcomes of interpersonal conflict for organization in order to find out the answer to the question “why is important conflict to be managed?” Conflicts in itself is neither good or bad. Therefore, the key is how we understand and respond to the conflict. However, leaders must learn how to address and manage the conflict .Conflict can be healthy if it is managed efficiently. Managers should concentrate on building an atmosphere designed to reduce destructive conflict and deal with routine frictions and minor differences before they become unmanageable. They also should stimulate constructive conflict in order to encourage selfevaluation, creativity and innovation.
Pdf Version
FLEET INTELLIGENCE ADAPTIVE FORCE CONCEPT

TĂNĂSESCU Cornel

Romanian Navy/ 56th Frigate Flotilla/ Constanta/ Romania
Abstract
Abstract: The main purpose of intelligence is demonstrated as being outstanding in the naval organization and demeaning to the interests of our nation. Its preservation was contingent upon variables which, throughout this stage, were neither constant nor constantly recognized. By analyzing particular naval operations and discussing the strategic, operational and tactical fields of intelligence, it seeks to clear up the impact of intelligence on naval warfare from all times. In so doing it makes known the place of intelligence in the naval olden times. The article is not about history, but fairly a discursive study of those aspects considered the most important for the future of the Navy considered acting in a challenging environment. Naval intelligence aim today is to provide the best possible information available from all warfare sources. In a changing environment, technologically, scientifically and politically, it is a rising need to create within the Navy an organization which may well collect a stockpile of basic accurate data, to keep well up to date, with particular focus on recent developments which might impose on the naval and national interests.
Pdf Version
BUDGETING AS AN INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT TOOL

RUSU Gabriel Constantin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
A budget can be defined as a financial plan of action or a quantitative expression of planned activities. The Information Resources Management (IRM) budget alone does not provide a complete picture of the IRM’s level of responsibility or training needs, but is a tool that enables implementation of its strategic goals and their associated objectives, that are aligned with the organization mission, organization vision, general strategic goal and related general strategic objectives.
Pdf Version
A NEW AND ADAPTED EVALUATION CONCEPT FOR THE ROMANIAN AIR FORCE

BABAN Nicolae

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
The paper provides some important elements dealing with the complex and dynamic area of evaluation. Overall, the evaluation process purposes to improve the combat readiness and capability of units and force components with respect to their capability including resources and performance, in order to effectively and efficiently conduct assumed missions and tasks. It is also examine the validity and consistency of systems, procedures and objectives. It allows creating a continuous improvement learning cycle, encouraging the units to become the best they can be. The system helps transforming the lessons identified into lessons learned through specific tools and monitors their implementation during evaluations. Consequently, units improve their training and deliver forces that are better fit for purpose. An important benefit comes from the evaluation scoring and reporting on unit’s performances. Validated deficiencies will be tracked until closed out, and if necessary, they will be re-assesses during the next evaluation. The evaluation is not focusing on performance during exercises only; it takes into consideration all activities during the entire preparation cycle of the units, in order to verify that forces are ready and prepared to meet current and contingency operational priorities in accordance with required standards.
Pdf Version
PROJECT QUALITY MANAGEMENT QUALITY PLANNING

BOTA Marius Gheorghe

Ministry of National Defence/Armaments Department/Quality Surveillance Section Land Forces/Brasov/Romania
Abstract
Project Quality Management includes the processes required to ensure that the project will satisfy the needs for which it was undertaken. It includes “all activities of the overall management function that determine the quality policy, objectives, and responsibilities and implements them by means such as quality planning, quality assurance, quality control, and quality improvement, within the quality system”.
Pdf Version
ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT

BOULEANU Iulian

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The electromagnetic spectrum is a limited national resource with a huge economic potential. This resource is concerned not only by the applications in the military domain, but also by those in the civil domain, generators of value in terms of economy. If because of the spreading features, radio waves don’t follow the administrative boundaries, effort coordination of international standardization and regulation has a capital importance. In context of telecommunication market globalization, standardization and procedural regulation of this field is of great interest. Because of this a lot of institutions were founded. The goal of those institutions is represented by the standardization and field regulation for optimizing administrative radio frequency activities. This article presents the reasons that electromagnetic spectrum resource is so valuable and describes the main institutions involved in this area.
Pdf Version
THE AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT - OPERATIONAL LEVEL

CARAPEȚ Dan

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The continuously changes generated by the development and modernization of the aeronautical technique, affected the concepts of the aircraft maintenance strategy. The new systems of monitoring the technical state of the aircrafts, the “electronic information”, influence the politics of maintenance activity. This fact has a great influence on the management strategy but obeying the basic principles of management.
Pdf Version
ARMY REFORM - PRESENT AND PERSPECTIVES

CHELU Marius

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Romania must meet, by redimensioning the army, the requirements of the integration process in NATO and EU at the terms employed to the Alliance, according to the objectives assumed by the Defense Planning Directive 06/2006-2011 (DPA-06) for the application of the NATO Ministerial Stipulations, through the fulfillment of the obligations undertaken for the execution of the Force Goals (FGs) and for the NATO Response Force (NRF), in the context of the Prague Commitment Capabilities (PCC).
Pdf Version
PRINCIPLES OF EUROPEAN DEFENCE STRATEGY

DEDU Constantin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The security of the European Union (EU) requires a holistic, strategic civil-military vision that combines achievable means and ends. Military defence is just a small part of the effort and military power should be oriented to enforce wider security responsibilities. The European Security Strategy (ESS) upon which this strategy is based is a prestrategic concept that must be converted into a mechanism that defines when, where, why and how the European Union will act. Such a strategic concept can generate the instrument that will weld all the EU’s security tools (aid and development, prevention of strategic intrusion by terrorists, robust policing and armed forces) into the single institutional framework that contemporary security demands.
Pdf Version
THE EVOLUTION OF CREW RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

DUMITRAS Laurentiu

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The roots of Crew Resource Management training in the United States are usually traced back to a workshop, Resource Management on the Flightdeck sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in 1979. This conference was the outgrowth of NASA research into the causes of air transport accidents. The research presented at this meeting identified the human error aspects of the majority of air crashes as failures of interpersonal communications, decision making, and leadership. At this meeting, the label Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) was applied to the process of training crews to reduce “pilot error” by making better use of the human resources on the flight deck. Many of the air carriers represented at this meeting left it committed to developing new training programs to enhance the interpersonal aspects of flight operations. Since that time CRM training programs have proliferated in the United States and around the world. Approaches to CRM have also evolved in the years since the NASA meeting. The focus of this paper is on the generations of CRM training that reflect this evolution and on the problems that have been encountered in changing the attitudes and behavior of flight crews. CRM training in the military has followed its own path of growth and evolution and will not be addressed here.
Pdf Version
TIME DIMENSION, THE ESSENTIAL FACTOR REGARDING PREPAREMENT AND CONDUCTING MILITARY ACTIONS

GRĂDINARU Vasilică

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Regarding time in modern warfare, many theories and points of view are differently stated relating temporal dimension influence on military actions. There are some theories which deny time’s natural influence over military actions, emphasizing the subjective factor role and conferring the capacity to „break any time barrier”. Modern materialization of this theory was represented by „lightning war”. Opposite to those are the fatalist conceptions which deny the possibility to intervene in one way or another over preparement and development of a battle in time.
Pdf Version
MILITARY CAREER VS FAMILY STABILITY

IVANOF Danut

Logistic Directorate/ General Staff/ Romania
Abstract
Nowadays it is increasingly difficult to start a family and is much harder to maintain it unity. The same thing happens in the military families. For them it is harder to maintain a family relationship given the vicissitudes of military service and that he is forced to move out from a garrison to another according with the army needs and their desire to accede to a military career. National authorities in general and MoND in particular through its HRM structures are concerned with supporting military personnel for accomplish functional duties and accession to military career, also they are concerned to ensure a favorable climate for family development . In this paper I conducted analyze regarding the ways of support implemented by authorities, I identified certain deficiencies and I presented some solutions to improve the military environment. In a rapidly changing society with ups and downs, a teenager who decides to pursue a military career will be able to found a family and ensure her stability?
Pdf Version
ACHIEVING OPTIMAL ROUTE TRANSIT BETWEEN TWO POINTS

MOȘTEANU Dan

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
In this scientific and theoretical paper I imagine a possible scenario of finding the optimal path transit between two distinct points. To successfully solve this problem we used graph theory and algorithm of Ford
Pdf Version
THE MAIN RISKS INDENTIFIED IN THE MULTIROLE AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT

NUȚĂ Constantin

Research and Flight Test Center/Craiova/România
Abstract
This paper aims is only to identify specific risks during the Multirole Aircraft Acquisition Program, in this context below are some considerations relating only to this stage. In order to manage risks in a complex process as a program for acquisition of this size, it is necessary first of all to know that these risks. Risks must be identified at any level where there are noticeable consequences on the objectives and specific measures can be taken to solve. To provide well-defined image regarding risks of the program, the risks identified should be grouped according to the relevant criteria for the acquisition process.
Pdf Version
FINANCIAL AND MATERIALS RESOURCE PLANNING INTENDED TO SUPPORT NATIONAL SECURITY

OTEL Catalin

Communication and Informatics HQ / Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
Based on the provisions of the strategic documents or national regulations as well as the National Defense Strategy and law No. 500/2002 of public finance, the Romanian Ministry of Defense has created its own strategic planning mechanisms, with the aim of integrating the exclusive strategic plans with budget projections.
Pdf Version
RESOURCES PLANNING PROCESS

POPA Radu Tibi

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Therefore, destination planned, the function of management is the tendency to consider as much as possible at the time, all internal and external factors which provide favorable conditions for the normal functioning and development of the company. It involves the complex sequence of steps that determine the objectives taking into account specific opportunities for more efficient use of the resources of the Structural links production and the entire company. Therefore, planning is required to ensure mutual links between different organizational divisions of the company covering the entire technological chain: research and development, production and sale. This activity is based on the detection and forecasting of consumer demand, the analysis and evaluation of available resources and development prospects of economic circumstances. Hence the need to correlate continuous production and sales indicators due to changes in market demand.
Pdf Version
LEADERSHIP REQUIREMENT MODEL - COMPETENT, CONFIDENT AND AGILE

RAMBA Cecilia

Infantry and Mountain Troops Training Centre - Fagaras, Romania
Abstract
“Leadership is solving problems. The day soldiers stop bringing you their problems is the day you have stopped leading them. They have either lost confidence that you can help or concluded you do not care. Either case is a failure of leadership.” - Colin Powell
Pdf Version
DEFENSE PLANNING - A HOLISTIC APPROACH

STĂNESCU Eugen Aurelian

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Security and defense are among the primary functions of any state and they have to be of high interest for any government, any nation, any military structure. Managing security and defense is, therefore, a key element in providing the best framework for a nation to accomplish its strategic objectives and socio-economic development, while prezerving the citisens’ freedom and prosperity.
Pdf Version
DIAGNOSIS OF CONTINUES TRAINING NEEDS OF PERSONNEL

STAN Toma

Special Telecommunications Service
Abstract
Diagnosis of continues training needs of personnel is a mandatory step for analysis and knowledge of reality on the level of personnel training organizations in terms of knowledge, skills, abilities, attitudes and behaviors necessary to perform the duties, powers extend their professional and individual development.
Pdf Version
THE IMPACT OF CULTURE IN FLIGHT SAFETY

STANCU Gheorghe

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
In military aviation, cultural differences between countries play an important role in the complexity of human factor causes of aircraft accidents that result in the total loss of the aircraft. The connections with individualism and power distance have been established log time before. The additional link for the military sector with uncertainty avoidance is probably a consequence of the fact that this cultural feature as well as power distance is pre-eminently typifying aspects of the military organizational culture. The more profession-oriented the air force culture is, the lower the chance to jeopardize flight safety. Vice versa, the more institutionalized the air force culture is, the greater the chance of accidents. The chance of accidents occurring is relatively smaller in those air forces in which the culture is more individualist, in other words, more oriented toward the work itself. In these air force cultures, power distance is, moreover, relatively small, and furthermore, personnel have relatively less trouble in working in an improvisational manner.
Pdf Version
THE MANAGEMENT OF QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR AN INTEGRATED DEFENSE SYSTEM

STOICA Gheorghe

Ministry of National Defence / Armaments Department/ Romania
Abstract
The AQAP 2000 (Allied Quality Assurance Publication) series is structured to be the NATO requirements for an Integrated Systems Approach to Quality through the Life Cycle, to be selected and applied for all nations and contractual relationships, and to match tailoring processes embodied in modern standards. Romania, as part of NATO country ratified STANAG 4107 - Mutual Acceptance of Government Quality Assurance and Usage of the AQAPs. AQAP 2000 series represents ISO 9001 Quality Management Systems plus specific, supplementary, NATO requests. I will have a short presentation of AQAP 2000 family. Romania MoD by the Armaments Department, through Government Quality Assurance Representative (GQAR-military representative) can perform quality control at the supplier facility during performance of contract. I will present main activities for GQAR.
Pdf Version
TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS' APPLICATIONS FOR INTERPERSONNEL CONFLICTS MANAGEMENT AT THE ORGANISATION LEVEL

ȘERBĂNECI Marius

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
Interpersonal conflict relates to disagreements, differences, or incompatibilities between an individual and his or her superior(s), subordinates, or peers. The Transactional Analysis helps us to conceptualize some of the dilemmas that are present in an interpersonal conflict. The process and structural interventions for the management of interpersonal conflict are also in this study Transactional Analysis.
Pdf Version
ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS RELATED TO CHANGING THE MILITARY ENVIRONMENT

SOARE Eugen

Land Forces, Romania
Abstract
It is indubitable that for Romania, the Romanian Armed Forces, a fundamental institution of the state are the main factor in ensuring national security and the guarantor of internal stability of the Romanian society. Is the Romanian Armed Forces strong, well equipped and well trained, with people endowed with prestige arising from their specific military profession? They are endowed with strength of character, honour, and ability to overcome difficulties they have their own activity or initiative in seeking satisfactory justifications? Society is concerned to create a modern army. Can it be a modern army without an effective, one based on people skills, on their preparation? The Armed Forces mean order, discipline, obedience, obedience is not initiative, to know how to quit driving. The values promoted by the system and military organization are the closest to what we define as civic: loyalty, selflessness, personal development, fair play, individual initiative, conscientiousness. Forced change creates natural conflicts between the traditional and the new models. Old mentalities are changing slowly or partially, and new mentalities are bought, sometimes quickly, but not in positive terms. We want instant assimilation of new models, but at a satisfactory pace of acceptance and change the new.
Pdf Version
CONSIDERATIONS ON "SMART DEFENCE"

IORDACHE Adrian

Air Force, Bacau, Romania
Abstract
Smart defense or "pooling and sharing" as it is defined, means developing military capabilities shared by several states. One of the challenges deriving from the concept is that although a first analysis is quite simple, is putting it into practice that is more difficult. In order for the concept to be successfully implemented, the states involved in its development must establish from the very beginning a "protocol of conduct", that should more explicitly consider very well defined concepts and models, establishing from the beginning who, what, where and how these capabilities will be used
Pdf Version
CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF ADOPTING U.S. LESSONS LEARNED IN MILITARY RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION INTO THE ROMANIAN MILITARY

MĂRIUȚA Ioan Doru

Military Central Area / Information-recruitment office / Cluj-Napoca/ Romania
Abstract
Forces for NATO, EU and the US are required to be composed of military professionals, thoroughly trained, equipped with armament and equipment of modern combat, motivated properly in all respects. It is for this reason that the staff recruitment and selection, is a highly topical subject in the theory and practice of resources management of the defense.
Pdf Version
NATO CHALLENGES DURING A PERIOD OF ECONOMIC CRISIS

PLACINTA Rareș Mihail

Real estate and infrastructure center no. 5 / Real estate Department/ Iasi/ Romania
Abstract
NATO, as a military and political organization is facing a period of great turmoil, especially in terms of finding and developing a credible purpose for its existence, considering the end of the Cold war and the dissolution of the Warsaw Treaty. As an evolving alliance of nations, NATO should address new perspectives on warfare and military operations effectiveness in terms of money expenditures, focusing on mitigating national and Alliance’s interests and goals.
Pdf Version
THE HUMAN FACTOR IN INFORMATION SECURITY

SÂRGHE - CIOBANU Petruț Dănuț

Land Forces, Romania
Abstract
Information security breaches have incurred with increased regularity over the past years. Financial losses due to cybercrime continue to grow. Credit Card fraud, the theft of customer information, identity theft, social engineering, software piracy – these are all on the increasing slope. Simple human error, ignorance or omissions are nearly always at the root of many of these information breaches. In almost every case there was no technical defense that would have prevented them. The damage to the public’s confidence in the ability of any organization – public or private, large or small - to protect personal and financial data is immense. Despite the vast sums of money spent, information security systems at all levels and within most organizations remain inherently vulnerable to even the most basic of security and fraud weaknesses and vulnerabilities. This is because we have focused almost entirely on the technology. We have not attended in any way the most fragile element – our people. The human aspects of security and fraud prevention need to be promoted to their rightful place alongside the technical solutions. We must harness the support and assistance of every one of our employees and customers. We must ensure honesty and integrity is paramount alongside effective communication and understanding of what is required of them in their everyday behavior in order to handle information in all its forms in a safe and secure manner. Unless we do this, our information security defense will never be complete.
Pdf Version