The 9th Scientific Conference with international attendance

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

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NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY


The 9th Scientific Conference with international attendance organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

November 14th 2014, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY "CAROL I" PUBLISHING HOUSE
BRASOV, 2014

Moderators:
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria Popa
Scientific Committee:
  • Professor, PhD Mary S. McCULLY
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Fahri ERENEL
  • Ebru CAYMAZ
  • Professor, PhD Ion ROCEANU
  • Professor, PhD eng Cezar VASILESCU
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Florin Eduard GROSARU
  • Professor, PhD Stelian PÂNZARU
  • Research Scientist, PhD Vasile CĂRUŢAŞU
  • Professor, PhD Virgil ENE-VOICULESCU
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Laurian GHERMAN
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Lecturer, PhD Aura CODREANU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria POPA
Scientific Secretary:
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria Popa
ISSN: 2248 - 2245 (CD-ROM)
ISSN: 2248 - 2385 (online)

Conference snapshots
Contents:
THE BASQUE CONFLICTS AND E.T.A. TERRORISM TODAY

ANDREESCU Anghel

National Defence University "Carol I"/ Doctoral School/ Bucharest/ Romania

COȘEA Raluca

National Defence University "Carol I"/ Doctoral School/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
group of men from Bilbao, Spain. This organization had an extreme impact on Spanish politics and society in Europe and one of the most important factors of ETA’s radical nationalism were women members. Basque women were active in all areas of ETA, including the military wing, political party’s trades unions, etc. After Scotland’s vote against its independence from Britain, it is possible that other separatist movements across the globe, from Europe to Asia, to the Middle East, to Africa will start sending signals for breaking all borders. The political fights all over the world, Scotland, China, fighting with the Uighurs in Xinjiang and Tibet, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, and Iran, started a fire in people’s hearts. Catalonia and the Basque Country in Spain and Flanders in Belgium, are considered the most influential regions and similar with the political and socioeconomic conditions of Scotland. In October 2011, the Basque separatist group ETA announced the cessation of its armed activities, but no one will assure that terrorist actions will not happen again.
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HOW A NEW APPROACH IN TEACHING CAN MAKE THE DIFFERENCE

APOSTOL-MATES Raluca

"Mircea cel Bătrân" Naval Academy - Constanța, Romania
Abstract
Everyday exposure to the Internet and its resources results in a significant change in scholars’ approach to learning. It is well known that the new generation of “digital natives” needs new teaching-learning strategies complementary or opposed to the old/traditional ones that permit learners to communicate and collaborate, and even switch the role with their teacher. E-learning is the common frame of this new type of transmitting-acquiring information. Providing an open and transparent environment for learners, E-learning can also ensure an authentic audience when they are to display the results of their work. Web-based learning and computer-learning are two of the new means that showed how new technologies make a difference in education when properly used. The present paper intends to be an example on how teachers could transform Internet materials into skill-oriented teaching materials. As a teacher in a military institution I found out that the Internet is an endless source of materials that can be used for teaching ESP as students have already oriented their education toward a specific field and do concentrate more on language in context than on grammar and language structures. Using Internet based materials for enhancing both productive (Speaking and Writing) and non-productive (Reading and Listening) skills are always beneficial for students. They use the materials teacher provides in their own time, having the opportunity to re-read or listen again for as many times as they need in order to fulfill the requirements. The teacher is merely a link between the student and the Internet materials as he is the one who chooses them, providing a bridge for the students towards meaningful and relevant materials.
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BUDGETARY SYSTEM REFORM IN MOND

APOSTU Ștefan

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The Romanian Finance Ministry is currently implementing the project "Increasing the Accountability by upgrading computer system for reporting financial statements of public institutions (FOREXEBUG)", which has the objective of increasing the efficiency of central government and local administrative transparency, by providing the public institutions of modern instruments standardized, for reporting and disclosure of financial statements for details on the use of public funds in accordance with budgetary classification. This instrument will allow automatic generation of summary reports (standard and ad-hoc) based on the data collected via electronic reporting of financial statements and will lead to improved budget management by reducing reporting burdens related activities and creating the possibility reallocation of time for analysis and decision activities in the area.
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THE STRATEGIC USAGE OF INFORMATION RESOURCES

BURNICHI Viorel Adrian

Rou.A.F./ 86th Air Base BORCEA/ Romania
Abstract
There is no doubt that we are now living in an informational era. Every domain of our daily life is full of information, and the tendency is to overwhelming us. In such an environment an organization facing with a real challenge when it comes about using information. Moreover, it is not the main issue but how the information resources may helps to improve processes, and build a conscious business strategy. That is the main reason of present work: to emphasize the role of the information resources within organization strategy, and how these resources may be used, for achieving a strategic advantage or goal. Therefore, in the first part, the paper presents the concepts of information resources, organization strategy, and after that draw the link between them. The conclusion outlines the importance of those resources and a briefly consideration regarding military system.
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MANIPULATION TECHNICS AND ITS EFFECT ON MILITARY GROUPS

CALENCIUC Viorel

Romanian Land Forces/ 10th Engineer Brigade "Dunărea de Jos"/ Brăila/ România
Abstract
Influencing opponent by manipulative techniques is a concept that finds its roots in ancient historical sources and has been proven to be an essential component in planning and conducting military actions. Lessons learned from the WW1, WW2, Iraqi and Afghanistan TO shows that manipulative techniques is a very powerful weapon when it comes to prepare armed forces for winning the battle using different resources, tools and techniques adapted to the specific and characteristics of your opponent. The manipulative techniques are not a tool used only by the military planners but you may recognize in many others domains as economics, politics, marketing having the same aim, to influence people`s actions in a desirable way in order to achieve predicted objectives.
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US Defense Budget and Military Capabilities

CALFA-RASCANU Lucian

Ministry of National Defense / 15th Mechanized Brigade / Iasi / Romania
Abstract
The paper explores how the capabilities-based approach is reflected by the fiscal construct of the US FY 2015 Defense Budget. Briefly tackles with the defense transformation concept, then, in the first part, describes the capabilities-based planning methodology, as the logical embodiment of transformational paradygm. First chapter attempts to define the concept of capability, from the identifying process, to the palpable, fielded operational instrument. Second part of the paper provides a personal image of the Fiscal Year 2015 Defense Budget, from the capabilities-based approach perspective and the relationship with two strategic planning documents.
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AN EXPLORATORY RESEARCH ON AUDITING DEFENSE PROJECTS

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey

UNSALDI Muzaffer

Strategic Research Institute (SAREN), Department of Defense Resources Management, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
Defense projects audit, which is a highly significant issue for a project success, should be considered different from standard processes although it includes business management and project management processes. In this type of process, financial regularity and legal comformity is perceived as first priority however audit is essential at every stage in transparently conducted projects. When the successful defense projects are examined it is seen that internal audit becomes more significant than external audit in order to ensure efficiency. Furthermore audit readiness emerges as an essential concept. In this study our main aim is to examine successful defense projects comparatively and present applicable methods for a successful auditing process.
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DEFENSE RESOURCE PLANNING IN THE CONTEXT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
National security depends on accessibility of energy resources according to their type, amount and military necessities where they are located. Military institutions, as the guards of national security, have to consider limited energy resources and dependence on foreign resources while planning the resources. The literature review has shown that the strategic dimension of energy and the security of energy supply are constantly emphasized. It is also seen that main emphasis is still on fossil resources as if they are infinite. In this study, countries which place major emphasis on energy while planning defense resources and adapt innovative methods to develop defense systems and modernization are examined in detail. It is aimed to reveal the significance of alternative energy resources and present different methods to ensure energy sustainability in DRM.
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THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION RESOURCES MANAGEMENT UPON ORGANIZATION PERFORMANCE

COCALCU Gily

88 Squadron of River Patrol Boats/ River Service of Fleet/ Braila/ Romania
Abstract
Information Resources Management (IRM) is a concept that defines information as a major corporate resource and it states that it must be managed by using the same principles used to manage other assets. IRM is a process that links needs for business information to information system solutions. Nevertheless, there is no step-by-step guideline for implementing IRM, and in this paper I’ll pinpoint some aspects of how enterprises can use information to empower their people, how a linkage between key data and the corporate strategies can influence organizations to gain or not benefits by managing their information.
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APPROACHES TO CHANGE IN MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS

COCOȘ Elena

Land Forces, Romania
Abstract
Change is not something new; it was and is a feature of human existence and history. We all know that without change there is no life and people's efforts to obtain better living conditions involves adapting to change. The process of adapting to changes that happen in military organization, involves accumulation of new knowledge, approach some tasks differently, improving skills, values and attitudes in organizations work style or work habits change.
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THE SUBORDINATES' PERCEPTION ON THE NAVY LEADER

COJOCARU Carmen Luminița

"Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy, Department of Navigation and Naval Management, Constanta, Romania
Abstract
The study aims to analyze the effects derived from the structure and function of the cognitive system under conditions of life and work at sea. Equally, we intend to make an inventory of errors that frequently occur in the perception of a leader, on the assumption that any type of behavior aboard ships is governed by the perceived facts and not by the objective ones.
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MENTORSHIP - AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF THE MILITARY LEADER

COJOCARU Carmen Luminița

"Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy, Department of Navigation and Naval Management, Constanta, Romania

ION Ana

"Mircea cel Batran" Naval Academy, Department of Navigation and Naval Management, Constanta, Romania
Abstract
The present study deals with mentoring as a special type of "peak"or "apogetic", as well as anticipatory and innovative learning. The military mentor facilitates the knowledge transfer from mentor to their subordinates, i.e. their disciples. We emphasize the need for mentoring in the military organization, both on board military ships and ashore, in order to shape the deep plan of personality development of students and military subordinates, so as to build excellence.
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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE LIFE CYCLE COST IN THE MILITARY ACQUISITIONS

COSMA Traian

Ministry of National Defense/Romanian Air Force/Application School of Aviation "Aurel Vlaicu“ Boboc/Romania
Abstract
The life cycle cost (LCC) concept consists of adding all the costs of activities ( stages ) that occur in the life cycle of a produc,from conception to abandonment or withdrawal (disposal) of the product by the manufacturer or beneficiary. Control costs can become or is a particular problem ( primary ) for those are responsible, here entering and military decision makers (when is talking about required products for national defense), especially when the allocated resources are limited (both annual budgetary resources, and those that may be intended, in their entirety, for a particular type of product) Cost analysis is not simply a matter of accounting, becomes a management problem that involves many factors responsible, we must concern us both costs that may arise in the future, and those who are somehow‚ ”unexpected”, especially in terms of military capabilities in which the benefit can not measure directly (eg. income).
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ECONOMIC RISKS TO NATIONAL SECURITY AND DEFENSE

COTUN Marius

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The main risk factors for the economic security are: the development of subterranean economy; the persistence of economic, financial and social problems generated by the extension of transition and the delay of structural reforms; the accentuation of corruption phenomena and a lack administration of public resources; the inefficient reactions of states´ institutions in front of a stern economic criminality phenomena and the reactions of a perturbation of public order and security of the citizens. Foreign economic risk factors can be: blocking foreign credits; creation of insolvency; blocking access to sources of raw materials for making the national economy; blocking access to modern technologies; reduction of market access; economic globalization on a national fund unable to adapt; regionalization of tendentious; appropriate to adapt the economy (economic units, enterprises) to European requirements and market requirements; smuggling, illicit trafficking in goods, cross-border economic crimes.
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ROMANIA'S MILITARY NECESSARY CHANGES THROUGH THE PRISM OF THE UKRAINIAN AFFAIR

DOLCEANU Denis

Romanian Naval Forces
Abstract
The latest security trends assumed that conventional warfare between nation-states has been abolished and that the military roles have changed. Consequently the strategic planners somehow disregarded the importance of national defense heavily relying on NATO support as collective defense. But the events unfold in Ukraine point to some realities namely: the power of countries shifts; the status quo is unstable, and that Russia has hegemonic ambitions. Having admitted that Romania faces military vulnerabilities there are a series of necessary changes and the options identified are: evaluation of the current defense strategy, revisit forces’ structure, military technology and forces training improvement. News is that there is a unanimous political engagement to increase the defense budget during the following years. With lessons learned from years with short funding on defense this money should be spent wisely after a thorough capability assessment.
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DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT IN A DOUBLE-WAY RELATIONSHIP

GROSARU Florin-Eduard

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Performance in Defense Resources Management is a condition of the harmonization of the politico-military requirements and the results of defense resource allocation in the current international political environment, as well as a consequence of the new geo-economic realities caused by relentless geopolitical changes. In this context, performance management tends to be a sine-qua-non condition for the existence and success of defense resources management. As such, the specific activities of optimum allocation of resources get, more and more, the configuration and composition of the specific activities to achieve systematic performance. Thus, performance management and defense resources management establish commonalities, logical and binding, even defining, links, up to, in some cases, confusion or assimilation.
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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE LIFE CYCLE ESTIMATIONS IN THE MILITARY SYSTEM

GROSU Gabriel-Danut

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The impact of financial resources plan for acquisition programs needs to be assessed in the medium term and even longer because it may be that some equipment needed for getting one capability to have an acquisition cost less but their operation throughout the life cycle imposes high costs. These costs gathered with the cost of acquisition can exceed the costs during the life cycle of other equipment (wherewith they get the same capability) that initially purchase at a higher price but on the same lifetime operating costs were much lower.
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MILITARY COHESION (PROs & CONs)

IQBAL Muhammad Zafar

Ministry of Defence, Pakistan
Abstract
Military Cohesion or more commonly referred to as Unit Cohesion or Regimentation in few countries is defined as "the bonding together of soldiers in such a way as to sustain their will and commitment to each other, the unit, and mission accomplishment, despite combat or mission stress"1. The cohesion can be broadly classified as Task Cohesion and Social Cohesion, but it is the fine blend of these two, which makes the Military Cohesion. It serves as a force multiplier and plays an important role in building sense of sacrifice in the unit personnel, which is a vital intangible factor for success in a conflict / combat.
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INVESTMENT IN DEFENCE - A SECURITY REQIREMENT

ISPAS Lucian

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The most used idea in security analyses, especially within its military dimensions, is that of direct link between amount of defense spending, military capabilities and the necessity of a cooperative effort. Nevertheless, the new evolution of security environment requires a new approach for decision makers in order to make military expenditure for security reason. Therefore, an analytic instrument based on a multi-criteria approach could simplify and facilitate a realistic and faster decision in this field
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THE DEFENCE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN THE GEORGIAN MINISTRY OF DEFENCE

KVAMLADZE TATO

Defence Planning and Policy Department, Ministry of Defence of Georgia Tbilisi, Georgia
Abstract
Defence Resource Management System (DRMS) represents the tool to establish and develop short and mid-term planning within the Defence system in Georgia. The paper describes general overview of DRMS process and its principles, authority, purpose, organization and responsibilities. This paper explains phases of PPBS – planning, programming, budgeting and execution by defining steps, responsible office, and guideline documents and explicates roles of Management Team (MT) and their functions in defence resource management process.
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MANAGEMENT TOOLS TO HANDLE DIFFICULT EMPLOYEES IN DEFENCE ESTABLISHMENTS

LUPULEASA Cristian-Claudiu

Ministry of National Defense / 15th Mechanized Brigade / Iasi / Romania
Abstract
This paper investigates difficult employees in modern organizations, in general and in defense establishments, in particular and reveals the causes and the consequences of their behaviors to the coworkers and to the whole organization. Once answers were identified the paper would propose possible management tools to use to handle difficult employees. The content of the paper has been designed both from the perspective of the employee, as a difficult person and of the management, as the one that must use proper tools to handle difficult persons. However, it does not address the issue of difficult leaders, which can be itself a separate topic for a paper such as this one.
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RISK ANALYSIS ON ROMANIA'S PARTICIPATION WITH SECONDED NATIONAL EXPERTS IN INTERNATIONAL CIVILIAN MISSIONS AND OPERATIONS [1]

MAFTEI Danut

Doctoral School for "Public Order and National Security" / "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy of Bucharest / Romania

MAFTEI Ciprian - Vasile

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
Romania's participation with seconded national experts (SNEs) in international civilian missions and operations. In the same time, we present a synthesis of more interviews conducted with different Romanian SNEs that underlines some possible risks, threats and vulnerabilities related to national and Euro-Atlantic security. This study is meant to be original and useful for Romanian authorities because it reveals for the first time new opportunities available for Romania by using more efficient the SNEs deployed abroad in order to improve the response to the threats against the homeland and international security.
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CRITICAL INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION: TOWARDS GLOBAL CYBER SECURITY

MARTIN Ioana

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy, Romania
Abstract
Over the last decades, the Internet and more broadly cyberspace have had a tremendous impact on our society. Our daily life, fundamental rights, social interactions and economies depend on information and communication technology working seamlessly. For cyberspace to remain open and free there should be norms, principles and values that can be applied online. Cyberspace should be protected from incidents, malicious activities and misuse. Information and communication technology (ICT) has become the backbone of our economic growth and is a critical resource which all economic sectors rely on, keeping alive key sectors such as finance, health, energy and transportation. Although the benefits of this interdependence are great, the fact that many organizations have become entirely reliant on ICT to carry out vital functions is bringing new challenges. Therefore, governments around the world have to be prepared themselves to offer a secure cyberspace for any citizen, national economy and national security. All these challenges are related to threats and vulnerabilities of the digital network and are incorporated in the concept of cyber security. It’s a priority for governments and super-statal entities to develop a comprehensive security strategy for their networks. To that end, one should develop and fund special institutions to deal with this issue, draft plans for preventing cyber attacks and acting if such an attack occurs, identify the attackers and bring them to justice, and rebuild or repair damaged components of the network.
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PROSPECTIVE OF ROMANIA'S NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR THE PROTECTION OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES

MATACHE-ZAHARIA Silvia-Alexandra

"Carol I" National Defense University, Romania
Abstract
In an interlocked world, the protection of critical infrastructures is part of the joint effort to ensure security. As a responsible actor on the international stage, Romania is well aware that protecting national vital infrastructures is necessary for consolidating national and regional security. The present paper wishes to analyze the existing legislative and institutional framework for ensuring the security of national infrastructures in Romania, as well as to discuss potential opportunities for future development. The paper tries to offer a definition of national critical infrastructure that is in accordance with the European interpretation of the term. Subsequently, the perspectives of future legislative initiative concerning the protection of national critical infrastructures proposed will have to comply with European developments in this domain, as a strategic approach on the national level cannot be conceived without an outlook on the existing European legislative and institutional framework.
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CAPABILITY BASED PLANNING - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

MITRICA Marin

71st Air Base / Câmpia Turzii / Romania
Abstract
The goal of this paper is to enunciate the concept of capability as the core of the text and then, upon it to open one or two possible directions for further development. The text remains in the academic realm (providing the author has the ability to do so); in turn no practical solution will be asserted. For defining the concept, a brief pass through history will be followed by several current definitions and a final statement will encompass all of them. This is also the point where the concept of fractal is introduced as a possible mathematical tool for assessing the outcomes of the capability-based system.
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EUROPEAN SECURITY ARCHITECTURE FROM THE RUSSIAN PERSPECTIVE

MURESAN Petre

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy, Romania
Abstract
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev launched the concept of “European security architecture” in June 2008, in Berlin. Since then, Russia has been intensively lobbying in favour of this initiative. The Russian President has developed and promoted the idea further in speeches in Evian, in October 2008 and in Helsinki, in April 2009. The goal of Medvedev’s plan remains the postulate of equal security for all, which, if implemented, would mean that no actions that might be perceived as threatening the security of others would be allowed. As a consequence, decisions such as the enlargement of NATO would have to be negotiated by the European states with Russia. The actual short-term objectives behind Russia’s proposal are to stop NATO enlargement and to open a debate on European security. The long-term objectives are to loosen trans-Atlantic ties, incapacitate NATO and grant Moscow a de facto right to veto decisions concerning European security. Initial reactions from the European states show that Russia may succeed in achieving these short-term objectives. While a complete revision of the existing European security system is unlikely to happen, Moscow may also succeed in undermining the USA’s influence in Europe and deepen the existing divisions among the European states in the domain of security (in other words, the divisions between those countries which co-operate more closely with the USA and those which have been seeking agreement with Russia).
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NATO VERSUS CSTO (COLLECTIVE SECURITY TREATY ORGANIZATION) STRATEGY

NEGULESCU Mihail

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
Treaty Organization on Collective Security (CSTO), known locally by its Russian name Organizatsiya Dogovora o Kollektivnoy Bezopasnosti (ODKB) is a regional security organization comprised of seven post-Soviet countries. The CSTO received observer status in the General Assembly of the UN in 2004 In 2009, an agreement on cooperation between the UN and the CSTO was signed. The CSTO members are Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia and Tajikistan. The area of the CSTO is divided into three areas of responsibility: Russia-Armenia, Belarus-Russia and Central Asia.
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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE DECISION TAKING PROCESS FOR THE SUCCESS OF AN ORGANIZATION

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Within the management process, the decision taking means choosing a course of action among several possible. This choice is a deliberate act of thought, to achieve the objectives by influencing the activity of an individual or group of individuals. The decision making process comprises a sequence of activities carried out by the decision maker, in order to choose the best of all possible courses of action.
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EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS WITHIN THE MANAGERIAL PROCESS

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Even though the effectiveness and efficiency are two different concepts they are closely related when considering organizational performance, which must combine both aspects. The effectiveness and efficiency are two basic concepts of management, both determining the analysis of what needs to be done by the organization and manner of action. Sometimes we can consider efficiency as judicious spending of funds allocated from the budget and optimizing the consumption of resources. When we look at efficiency as using minimum resources for an activity, we obtain efficiency from an economic point of view, but not from an organizational perspective.
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CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF CAPABILITIES BASED PLANNING

POPESCU Pompiliu

Joint Logistics Command, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
In military planning, resources are never enough to achieve all that leaders want to do with the desired minimal level of risk. In addition, since the end of the “cold war”, the military has faced a constant stream of new challenges. Now, rather than being prepared to face old threats in conventional warfare scenarios, military must be prepared to respond to a larger number of more diverse scenarios with varied attributes and to do so in circumstances involving complex and uncertain risk.
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CAPABILITIES BASED PLANNING - ADVANTAGES AND CHALLENGES

RIZEA Ionel

Ministry of National Defense/ General Staff/ Strategic Planning Directorate/Bucharest/Romania
Abstract
The objective of this paper is to present a short overview on the Capabilities Based approach to Defense Planning, to inform about the current status in shaping the legal framework for a future national defense planning process, and to present the advantages and challenges of the current approach to defense planning domain. Nevertheless, the paper will conclude with some personal findings and ideas regarding a possible approach in the implementation of the Capabilities Based framework into our national defense planning.
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OVERVIEW OF CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES PROTECTION IN ROMANIA

ROHART Marius Laurentiu

Romanian Naval Forces
Abstract
Technological developments and globalization have created new interdependencies between the systems that are vital for societies’ well-being: its critical infrastructures . If previously countries were preoccupied with the early, local infrastructures such as transportation or communication, today’s modern societies work with fast, global and digital connections in all major infrastructures - from energy distribution and finance to public health. This highly evolving context brings new challenges (both threats and opportunities) that shape the way security and stability of critical infrastructures should be ensured at national and international level. This paper aims to offer an overview of Romania’s status on the protection of its national critical infrastructures, as well as its relation to international initiatives on this topic. It does so by analyzing the definition of critical infrastructures and how they evolved in particular international contexts, as well as as the unique characteristics of the Romanian context.
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PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING THE MILITARY CAREER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

TĂRTĂREANU Ionuț

Romanian Air Force Staff
Abstract
Unanimously accepted, the human resource is the most valuable resource of an organization. The success of an organization depends, to a large extent, on the level of convergence of both organizational goals and human resources’ expectations. This can be done only by managing in a very well manner the performances, the potential and individual preferences of the employees in the sense of achieving the mission of that organization. Who are the managers? Both, employers and employees are the main actors in this „movie”. Civil or military, any organization has to adopt, implement and periodically assess the best policies for a very good career management. The aim of this paper is not to offer an universal solution available for all organizations, but to propose a set of principles which can be taken into consideration when projecting career management policies.
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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIAN ARMED FORCES CAREER MANAGEMENT

TONCEANU Mircea

Metrology Center / Departments for Armaments / Bucharest
Abstract
Professional development plays a central role in human resource management systems. It helps the employees to perform better in their jobs but also helps organizations to fulfill their goals in a more effective way. In Romanian Armed Forces, professional development is mandatory and a career management system has been designed in such a way that professional development is unavoidable and desirable. My paper will show how and why the professional development plays a central role in career management system within MoND.
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MANAGING INFORMATION RECOURCES IN AN ORGANIZATION. A PERSPECTIVE UPON ITS MASS MEDIA EXPOSURE

TOTLADZE Giorgi

Ministry of Defence of Georgia / Department of Information Technology / Tbilisi / Georgia
Abstract
The purpose of this work is to find out what is information recources in the 21st century, how we can manage it, how it can be transformed into strategic recource rather than overload to give competetive advantage over others and achieve the goals of organization. The work also tries to define and show us what challeneges we will face to due to the increasing role of information resources. And this challenge is represented by mass media, and to be more precise, by online social networks. Online social networks are discussed from the perspective of the employer and employee in terms of security and privacy invasion, employability and finaly some recomendations are suggested.
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THE ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR - INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVES

TRANDAFIR Lenuța

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy, Romania
Abstract
Рeорle ɑt wоrk in оrgɑnizɑtiоns tоdɑy ɑre рɑrt оf ɑ new erɑ. The institutiоns оf sоϲiety ɑnd the рeорle whо mɑke them wоrk ɑre ϲhɑllenged in mɑny ɑnd very sрeϲiɑl wɑys. Sоϲiety exрeϲts higher and higher рerfоrmɑnϲe ɑnd also high quɑlity оf life tо gо hɑnd-in-hɑnd and ϲоnsiders ethiϲs ɑnd sоϲiɑl resроnsibility its ϲоre vɑlues. It also ɑϲϲeрts the imрrint оf glоbɑlizɑtiоn оn everydɑy living ɑnd оrgɑnizɑtiоnɑl ϲоmрetitiveness. In this new erɑ оf wоrk ɑnd оrgɑnizɑtiоn, the bоdy оf knоwledge we ϲɑll „оrgɑnizɑtiоnɑl behɑviоur” оffers insights оf greɑt vɑlue.
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INTERCEPTION OF COMMUNICATIONS MADE OVER THE INTERNET IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROVISIONS OF THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

UNGUREANU Petre

"Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Police Academy, Romania
Abstract
By interception of communications we refer to interception, access, monitoring, gathering and recording of communications made by means of telephone, informatics system or any other such means. The article tries to describe the legal framework of interception of communications made by use of internet based applications, such as Facebook, Yahoo, Gmail, Skype, What’s Up, Viber, Tango, Twitter.
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A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF WORLD WIDE WEB RESOURCES

VIRJOGHE Cristina-Georgiana

Romanian Intelligence Service/ Bran Training Center /Brașov/România
Abstract
World Wide Web is a massive library of libraries included in a massive network of networks that is the Internet, for which we need an efficient system or instrument for knowledge of knowledge and some evaluation criteria of what offer this cybermamouth of data. Most times there is not enough common sense, requiring well-defined criteria and tools to assess the relevance, credibility and utility of information resources found on the Internet. This paper tries just a little to make us think about it.
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