The 10th Scientific Conference with international attendance

Defense Resources Management in the 21st Century

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NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY „CAROL I”
REGIONAL DEPARTMENT OF
DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT STUDIES



DEFENSE RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY


The 10th Scientific Conference with international attendance organized by the Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies

November 13th 2015, Braşov

NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY "CAROL I" PUBLISHING HOUSE
BRASOV, 2015

Moderators:
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria Popa
Scientific Committee:
  • Professor, PhD Mary S. McCULLY
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Fahri ERENEL
  • Ebru CAYMAZ
  • Professor, PhD Ion ROCEANU
  • Professor, PhD eng Cezar VASILESCU
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Florin Eduard GROSARU
  • Professor, PhD Stelian PÂNZARU
  • Research Scientist, PhD Vasile CĂRUŢAŞU
  • Professor, PhD Virgil ENE-VOICULESCU
  • Assistant Professor, PhD Laurian GHERMAN
  • Lecturer, PhD Maria CONSTANTINESCU
  • Lecturer, PhD Aura CODREANU
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria POPA
Scientific Secretary:
  • Junior Lecturer, PhD Brînduşa Maria Popa
ISSN: 2248 - 2245 (CD-ROM)
ISSN: 2248 - 2385 (online)
Contents:
AN EXPLORATION OF THE COMPLEX INTERACTION BETWEEN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND MILITARY CONFLICT

Baciu Adrian

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The history of mankind has taken a sinuous path along the ages, with ups and downs, shifts in direction and changes of paces, accomplishments and tragedies. All these irregularities were due to different factors, the most important of them being probably wars. Like it or not, violence is in our genes and has driven the path of the societies, states, empires or republics as they appeared, rose, flourished or disappeared. During all that time, people surprisingly managed to evolve, economically and technologically. But where these developments independent of the violent nature of humans, or were they influenced by it? Or maybe the other way around? Since the sought answers are not simple, the present paper will try to bring just a little bit of light into this shadowy domain.
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NEW CHALLENGES TO NATO’s FUTURE AND THE EU’s COLLECTIVE SECURITY

BALICA Ciprian

Romanian Land Forces
Abstract
No matter how well prepared you are, you can never imagine what other person will think, for the imagination is the ultimate limit of a human being. Therefore, by touching on the future of NATO and EU in terms of capability readiness to cope with collective security, I opened the Pandora box of predicting the future thus the unknown. Facing a high speed changing global environment, with strong interdependencies and interplays at stake, demonstrating that these two very important international bodies will be able to meet the future challenges it will prove to be a treacherous endeavor.
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AN ANALYSIS ON SECURITY GOVERNANCE IN TURKEY

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey

DEMİR Kadir Alpaslan

Ph.D., Assistant Program Manager, Turkish Naval Research Center Command, Istanbul, Turkey

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
The shift in global power has led not only to a diffusion of power, but also to a diffusion of ideas, concepts, principles, value and preferences in the last decades. A comprehensive approach called “security governance” has been introduced in order to cope with the problems caused by this conceptual change. Security governance, which presents an understanding of the concept of security beyond the issue of defense and encompasses the ‘more diverse, less visible and less predictable’, has become one of the most controversial issues both for academicians and defense experts. In this study, we aim to discuss the present condition of security governance both in Turkey and in the world in a comparative manner.
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ECONOMIC SECURITY AND REGIONAL INTEGRATION

Ceachir Ștefan

“Ovidius” University of Constanţa, Constanţa, Romania
Abstract
An important role in ensuring economic security in the capacity building of regional member states to implement and maintain the following measures: efficient management of public interests; ensuring efficient and responsible exercise of power; good governance or efficient governance; prevention and/or effective management of crisis situations.
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THE COMMON SECURITY AND DEFENSE POLICY BETWEEN INTERNAL CONSTRAINTS AND EXTERNAL CHALLENGES

COJOCARU Tiberiu

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The last years impose cutting the defense budgets from all the countries around the world, but much more for those who didn’t succeed to have at least 1,5%/year of economic growth. These uncoordinated cuts in defense spending, for the European countries, have eroded the EU’s role as a security actor in what is now a multipolar world. Therefore, it this very important to gather all the Heads of the member states and the EU institutions with responsibilities to strengthen defense cooperation in the EU, and put them at same table, show them which urgent measures have to be taken for increasing the EU’s strategic security. It is very important to change the way of thinking if we want to have “A secure Europe in a better world”. [i] Member states could achieve much more value for money than the €190 billion that they spend to keep up 28 national armies, comprising roughly 1.5 million service personnel
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THE MILITARY AS A COSMOPOLITAN: A BLUEPRINT FOR BUILDING UPON INTERNATIONAL MISSIONS

COLBEA Alin

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The aim of this paperwork is to underline some aspects regarding military education in international missions from a cultural perspective.
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STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF SOVEREIGN DEBT ON THE DEGREE OF SELF-REGULATION OF ROMANIAN ECONOMY

CONSTANTIN Alexandra Maria

Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Faculty of Cybernetics, Statistics and Informatics, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
The self-regulation degree of national economy system, represented through: monetary policy rate; the minimum wage; government spending was studied in relation to sovereign debt volume. Thus, based on the data set related parameters considered: monetary policy rate, minimum wage, government spending and debt in the medium and long term, contains monthly data, period of analysis being the 2003-2014, period was estimated to what extent is adjusted national economy in terms of increasing the system, with a given value of the country's debt volume. The obtained Error Correction Model reflects the degree of national economic self-tuning, concretized on the macroeconomic strategy function, based on the loan. According to the study presented, significant rate, adjusting the economic system by means of loans made by the government will induce, in Romania, a sovereign rate becoming more pronounced. In Romania, the strategies for maintaining national economy, at a minimum necessary condition of survival by making loans, are not sustainable in the long term, but short term.
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CONSIDERATIONS ON THE INFLUENCE OF THE OVERELIANCE ON NATURAL RESOURCES EXPLOITATION ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

CONSTANTINESCU Maria

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
The reliance of a country’s economic development on the exploitation and export of natural resources does not automatically generate problems, but a resource based development model does not promote sustainable development, as it generates a higher dependence of the economy on the exploitation of raw materials, with lower export values than manufactured and processed goods and higher price volatility. Although the exploitation of resources may support economic growth for a number of years, they may eventually be exhausted, or their exploitation may become financially unsustainable, with negative effects on a country’s economic development.
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PROMOTING AND DEVELOPING INDIVIDUAL AND COMMUNITY EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS AS RESOURCES OF INCREASING RESPONSE EFFECTIVENESS

DRĂGUȚ Andrei Eugen

University of Bucharest/ Bucharest/ Romania
Abstract
It is a known fact that disasters create large humanitarian and development challenges this is why working to help individuals and communities prepare for natural disasters is a necessity to build safer and more resilient communities. Preparing for emergency reduction should become a key part of public policy regarding disaster management by introducing programs that would ensure both individuals and communities can understand the possible causes and consequences of disasters and know the best way to act when disasters take place so that they become part of the solution rather than a part of the problem.
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THE NATO HUMINT CENTRE OF EXCELLENCE AS DEPARTMENT HEAD FOR HUMAN INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN NATO

SIMION Eduard

NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence - Oradea, Romania

KIS Alexandru

NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence - Oradea, Romania
Abstract
NATO recognizes the NATO HUMINT Centre of Excellence (HCOE) as a mature organization, with a remarkable contribution to the overall development of the Human Intelligence capability within the Alliance. Another step toward improving the HCOE performance in this field has been recently accomplished; in the 2nd of September 2015, during a ceremony organized at the Headquarters Supreme Allied Command Transformation (HQ SACT), in Norfolk, Virginia, The United States of America, the HCOE officially became “Department Head for Human Intelligence Education and Training” in NATO. According to the Memorandum of Agreement signed during the event, the HCOE is responsible for matching the ACT requirements with E&T solutions, and liable for the coordination of those solutions. The importance of this status, subsequent challenges and ways to follow are further debated in this paper.
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ASSESSMENT OF DEFENSE INDUSTRY CLUSTERS IN TURKEY

ERENEL Fahri

Asst. Prof., (R) Brig. Gen. TU A, Istanbul Kemerburgaz University, Department of International Logistics, Istanbul, Turkey

DEMİR Kadir Alpaslan

Ph.D., Assistant Program Manager, Turkish Naval Research Center Command, Istanbul, Turkey

CAYMAZ Ebru

Marmara University, Department of Organization and Management, Istanbul, Turkey
Abstract
According to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), the global military expenditure exceeded $1.7 trillion in 2014. Defense spendings are on the rise all over the world. The cost of developing defense sytems is increasing. Therefore, the defense industry attracts many big and small to medium-sized enterprizes (SMEs). While big companies have the necessary resources to take on big defense contracts, SMEs are in a disadvantage due to lack of resources. To overcome this handicap and be a part of the business, defense industry clusters are being established mostly consisting of SMEs. Since 2010, Turkey shows signs of improvement in defense industry clustering. In this study, we present an assessment of current defense clusters and point out some of the current challenges.
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NATO STRATEGIC AIRLIFT CAPABILITIES A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

GAVRILA Costel

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The Strategic airlift has been a long-standing critical shortfall for the NATO Alliance. At the Riga summit, NATO Heads of State and Governments noted the need for “forces that are fully deployable, sustainable and interoperable and the means to deploy them.” They also endorsed several initiatives to increase strategic airlift, including the SAC, the Strategic Airlift Interim Solution (SALIS), and offers to coordinate support structures for A-400M strategic airlift, which seven allies are planning to acquire beginning in 2010. All these initiatives are now encompassed by a new concept developed at Chicago Summit in May 2012 – Smart Defence.
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CURRENT PERSPECTIVES ON FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

IANCU Dumitru

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania

HALMAGHI Elisabeta-Emilia

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
Training cultural systems is conditioned by history and founders of the organization, the external environment and the size of the organization, but also the vision, goals and organizational goals. Identifying the factors that influence organizational culture is a key issue for any manager, especially given that has not yet materialized in a comprehensive and rigorous. The internal factors are more numerous and more influence, but can not be neglected any external factors.
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ECONOMIC INTELLIGENCE FOR AUGMENTING THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS

IVAN Loredana

"Mihai Viteazul" National Intelligence Academy, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
The global markets evolution of the last decades have emphasized the significant growth of the ongoing international competition between the economic actors, but mostly between the states. In order to face the challenges of informational asymmetry, each of the players envolved resort more and more to the specific instruments of the intelligence activity. The big companies, the multinational firms, have been the first to understand the potential of the information to increase the value of the production factors, and to allow the capitalization of the available resources, in optimal economic circumstances. Afterwards, by taking over their mechanisms and turning them into public policies, the states with advanced economies succeed to obtain and maintain competitive advantages. In the present global context, it has become necessary that the public authorities should design and implement a national economic intelligence system. If developed as a private-public partnership, that embodies and harmonizes both the interests of the private economic actors, and those of the state, to capitalize resources in an optimal manner, the economic intelligence system has the unique goal of increasing the national economic competitiveness through intelligence. The economic intelligence implies a three-way approach: to constantly monitor the areas of interest, in order to obtain relevant data about them; to promote its own vision, by launching adequate ideas/behaviours, and interpret them to the benefit of its strategy; to protect the available information/intelligence, in order to counter-attack any attempts to reach it, by the opposite side.
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Establishing A Joint Arab Force To Fighting Terrorism Between The Internal Constraints And External Challenges

KHALIL Ahmed

Financial Authority / Ministry of Defense / Egypt
Abstract
In this paper the author tries to discuss and propose solutions to the idea currently raised in the Middle East (the establishment of a joint Arab force in order to counter the rising threat of terrorism) by a simplified review to the historical background of joint Arab military cooperation, then display of the most serious threats on the regional scene and how serious are they, and that led to the emergence of the need to establish a joint Arab force, with the presentation of some other reasons that led to the emergence of the need to establish a joint Arab force, then clarify the possible scenarios for the formation of such a force be followed by the view of the author on the context of the composition of the force and method of work as a general idea without going into the details, then the author gives a summary of the biggest internal obstacles that hinder the establishment of the joint Arab force and the most important external challenges that face its foundation, with presenting some positive indications and proposals to overcome those obstacles and challenges in a bid to theoretically support the idea.
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A PERSPECTIVE ON CO-OPERATION AND INTEROPERABILITY, MILESTONES FOR IMPROVING SECURITY IN THE BLACK SEA REGION

MANGIUREA Mihail-Lucian

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The Black Sea region has lately emerged as a region of main concern due to its increased geopolitical importance and the wide range of security issues it confronts with. As a result both regional and international actors have focused their attention in finding suitable solutions to secure the area. Finding solutions is not an easy issue as there is not regional identity and the regionalization process is nascent. Using information present in academic and government literature, this paper concludes that the process of NATO integration, regional cooperation and defense transformation has been the main drivers for Romania’s contribution in improving the security environment in the region. The paper also identifies international cooperation and standardization as tools for increasing the confidence and security in the Black Sea region.
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SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT IN COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS

MANIU Valentin

The Training Centre for Communications and IT "DECEBAL", Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
Cognitive radio networks will provide high bandwidth to mobile users via heterogeneous wireless architectures and dynamic spectrum access techniques. However, CR networks impose challenges due to the fluctuating nature of the available spectrum, as well as the diverse Qom requirements of various applications. Spectrum management functions can address these challenges for the realization of this new network paradigm. To provide a better understanding of CR networks, this article presents recent developments and open research issues in spectrum management in CR networks. More specifically, the discussion is focused on the development of CR networks that require no modification of existing networks. First, a brief overview of cognitive radio and the CR network architecture is provided. Then four main challenges of spectrum management are discussed: spectrum sensing, spectrum decision, spectrum sharing, and spectrum mobility.
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WAVEFORM USE IN TACTICAL RADIO NETWORKS

MANIU Valentin

The Training Centre for Communications and IT "DECEBAL", Sibiu, Romania
Abstract
A series of software-defined multiband programmable radios and waveforms designed to transfer voice, data and video with the goal of connecting small tactical units with larger battlefield networks is developing in this time. By drawing on available spectrum, waveforms provide secure wireless networking services for mobile and stationary forces to transmit and receive information, including voice, data, images and video. While there are many waveforms, three in particular—Soldier Radio Waveform (SRW), Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW) and Mobile User Objective System (MUOS)—are playing critical roles in tactical radio operation and performance.
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CHALLENGES IN DEFENSE PLANNING DEVELOPMENT IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC AND SECURITY ENVIRONMENT (TUNISIA CASE)

MATTOUSI Hafedh

Ministry of Defense / Tunisia
Abstract
Four years after the revolution, Tunisia confronted new realities that stemmed from the post revolutionary process it was experiencing. The challenges may not have been as acute as in other countries, but they were still complex and problematic. The Tunisian economy remained sluggish and found it difficult to shake off the revolution's impact. Unemployment remained stubbornly high (officially more than 16 percent), foreign investments decreased, and the country's tourist industry–a pivotal component of the economy–did not bounce back to its prerevolutionary levels. Many Tunisians were concerned with the deteriorating internal security situation and the emergence of violent Islamist groups. In this paper, we will limit ourselves to discussing certain economic and security aspects, first with a focus on the difficult economic situation of Tunisia. And second, a brief analyze of the security situation and relation between economy and security. We will try to identify, in the last part, the challenges that faces Tunisian defense planning in the current economic and security circumstances.
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ETHICS AND DEONTOLOGY IN THE MILITARY ORGANIZATION (AN EDUCATIONAL OUTLOOK / A PRACTICAL OUTLOOK)

MEHDI Syed Muhammad

Pakistan Air Force
Abstract
This paper aims to provide an insight into differnt aspects of ethics in military organization. It will start by defining and differentiating theories used in the study of Ethics. This will be followed by a discussion on the need of Ethics in military and a description of different models used in selected military services of the world. Chapter 2 will deliberate on the practical problems faced by personnel in making ethical decisions, both in conventional as well as unconventional warfare. Chapter 3 suggests solutions to the problems discussed in Chapter 2.
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A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE NATO DEFENSE PLANNING PROCESS AND THE NATIONAL DEFENSE PLANNING PROCESS

MOICEANU Alin

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
The present paper intend to address the NATO Defence Planning Process (NDPP) and the National Defence Planning System (NDPS1) in terms of legal framework, definitions, functioning, actors involved and official documents issued within the frame of defence planning. The academic approach of the paper is a mixture between a description of a several theoretical notions used by NATO and Romania policies, strategies, processes, laws and regulations within the area of defence planning and a number of personal viewpoints concerning the adjustment of NDPS to NDPP provisions. I have made this option due to the timely and updated NDPP that has begun this year its first complete cycle since its very beginnings in 20012, considering also important to illustrate how, where, when and who adapts the NDPS to NDPP provisions. Therefore, my initial supposition is saying that the causality condition between NDPP and NDPS enhance the national defence planning system, slightest to higher level decision and mostly to medium and low level decision along the defence planning area. The chapter 1 of the paper refers to an overview of the national defence planning system giving more than a glance over the legal framework, actors involved, planning documents and definitions within NDPS area. The above idea is supported along the entire chapter 2 of the paper, that address the process of adaptation of national defence planning to NDPP along the five steps, particularly with reference to the Ministry of National Defence level. The conclusion of the paper comprises several personal points of view concerning the synergy between NDPP and NDPS regarding the development and maintaining of credible capabilities by Romania throughout PPBES.
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INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL FACTORS OF THE RECRUITMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES IN THE ORGANISATION

MUSCALU Emanoil

“Lucian Blaga” University/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The recruitment is a dynamic, laborious and an expensive process, which has a high impact on the organisation. For a successful recruitment, the organisation must have developed policies of staff issued from both prognostic and planning of the staff resources and also from the analysis of the posts that are going to be occupied. The recruitment process is influenced by both internal factors and external factors.
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THE STRATEGY OF PERSONNEL ORIENTED TOWARDS RESOURCES IN THE ORGANISATION

MUSCALU Emanoil

“Lucian Blaga” University/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
Within this strategy, the human resources or the possibilities of supplying personnel considerably influence the content of the organisation's strategy. Human resources issues are already included or taken into account in the formulation of the strategy of the organisation and do not occur only at the stage of its realization when the existing staff might be at an inappropriate level. Managers across all hierarchical levels must be engaged in order to establish the functional strategy for human resources of the organisation. This is needed, because, regarding the importance of human resources in achieving the level of performance and competitiveness of the organisation, no other area neither of functional strategies nor of afferent politics won't be so vital.
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NEW CHALLENGES IN ANTI-TERRORISM STRATEGIES

NEAG Mihai

"Nicolae Bălcescu" Land Forces Academy/ Sibiu/ Romania
Abstract
The need to adopt a new strategy to combat terrorism or counterinsurgency continues to lead to be the main issue of the discourse on contemporary security. The ideology of the jihadists within the Islamic State Group calls for a total war which has no limits and constraints. This requires the adoption of new anti-terrorism strategies, depending on the nature of the terrorist threat. The Islamic State group currently controls an extensive region in Syria and Iraq. The battle against the Islamic State is inevitably a long-term project because it is much more than a terrorist group.
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CURRENT CHALLENGES IN DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF GEOSPATIAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS

NEDELCU Ion

Ministry of National Defence / Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
The value of quality geospatial information has been already proved to lay at the heart of decision making processes having impact in many fields of activity. While thiking about environment, social, climate change or security problems, the geospatial information is subject to new and more effective data acquisition, high performance computing or storage and archiving systems. However, higher and higher demand has leaded to more and more advanced systems providing access to huge quantities of data which today are estimed to reach very quickly rates of tera bytes per day. To face this obvious challenges, raised mainly by the quantity and the high speed, both technical and organizational aspects need to be considered. After analysizing the current context in which the new sources of geospatial data are presented togther with their volume, variety and speed characteristics, some technical, legal and organizational challenges are emphasized ans possible ways to treat them are also discussed.
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THREATS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN ACTUAL DEFENCE MANAGEMENT

NEGULESCU Oriana

"Spiru Haret" University, Brașov, România
Abstract
The actual international context is characterized by several important threats, like terrorism, local wars, huge immigration, and the lack of raw materials resources, new markets and others. Nevertheless these threats are causing more challenges for the defense management. This paper is aiming to discuss some of the opportunities that the defense management might take into account, having in view the most important international threats. The activity planning, costs, resources allocation, risks and other management tasks are to be considered in order to strengthen the defense capability.
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INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT (TO MANAGE OR NOT TO MANAGE)

IACOB Nicolae

Ministry of National Defence / Defence Policy and Planning Department / Defence Policies Directorate / Bucharest / Romania
Abstract
The shift in global power has led not only to a diffusion of power, but also to a diffusion of ideas, concepts, principles, value and preferences in the last decades. A comprehensive approach called “security governance” has been introduced in order to cope with the problems caused by this conceptual change. Security governance, which presents an understanding of the concept of security beyond the issue of defense and encompasses the ‘more diverse, less visible and less predictable’, has become one of the most controversial issues both for academicians and defense experts. In this study, we aim to discuss the present condition of security governance both in Turkey and in the world in a comparative manner.
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CRYPTOGRAPHIC KEY MANAGEMENT IN CLOUD COMPUTING

OGÎGĂU-NEAMȚIU Florin

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Cloud security has gained increasingly emphasis in the research community, with much focus primary concentrated on how to secure the operation system and virtual machine on which cloud system runs on. Companies considering moving to a cloud based infrastructure need to understand various aspects of specific encryption and key management – regulation guidelines, the impact of key status on application performance and the differences between the software and hardware key management implementations.
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ROMANIA’S NATIONAL SECURITY AFTER THE EVENTS IN UKRAINE

PASARE Claudiu Ionel

"Mihai Viteazul" National Intelligence Academy, Bucharest, Romania
Abstract
The 21st century has presented us with the emergence of distinctive and new kinds of security challenges. These new challenges have specific intelligence components. The risks and the conditions needed for the occurrence of a traditional war on the European continent are not the same as during the Cold War. Nevertheless, at the sub-regional level there is still an occurrence of crisis and instability phenomena, trends of fragmentation and isolation of certain states. The crisis in Ukraine poses as a factor of instability, considering Romania’s position as a state located on the eastern border of the EU and NATO.
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COST ANALYSIS AND LIFE CYCLE COST USES IN IMPROVING THE MILITARY CAPABILITIES

PETRE George

Romanian Air Force /Acquisition Section/Romania
Abstract
Military assets, and mostly the expensive ones are generally appraised at the acquisition stage on the basis of their total life cycle costs. This study provides a theoretical foundation and a parametric cost model for forecasting the life cycle cost for the C-27J Spartan airplane.
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SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – ECONOMIC AND SECURITY ISSUES

PILIPOUȚANU Vasile Ciprian

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
Sustainable development analysed from economical and security perspective have multiple aspects interconected. If from economical perspective we can make predictions using the available tools and indicators about efficiently balancing between present and future actions or investments, from security perspective, issues are more sensitive and complicated in terms of unstable environment and in terms of necessity to assure security now but also in the future. One of the main aspects regarding this is the strong interconection between economy and security, as parts of an entire system. Inputs from economy are used in providing security, but also the security provided or not influnces almost directly the economic development.
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THE IMPACT OF FORMAL VERSUS INFORMAL REWARDS IN A MILITARY ORGANIZATION

POLEANSCHI Paul Mugurel

Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania
Abstract
During our life time, we experience situations in which we must motivate or be motivated, to overcome the challenges. We learn what tools to use and how to do it, by observing what our parents or elders do, or by the education we receive. Most organizations have formal motivating systems, which consist of formal rewards and guidance, when and how these tools should be used, by whom and towards whom. Leaders’ personal know-how reveals that besides the formal rewards, there are informal rewards that might be used to motivate employees, which augment the formal rewarding system. These informal rewards are derived from the structural improvement of the organization, are adapted in accordance with the managerial conduct and act as an interface between employees’ queries and their supervisors’ good will. Nevertheless, they are mostly used for situations which are not covered by the formal rewarding system or, when an informal reward might better fulfill employees’ needs. The aim of this paper is to understand if the use of informal rewards influences the use of the formal ones within a military organization, using the cluster method of the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).
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PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL SUPPORT AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

POPA Brindusa

Regional Department of Defense Resources Management Studies, Brasov, Romania
Abstract
Employees who feel an emotional connection with the organization are more dedicated to their job. However, generally, such an attitude appears in reponse to how the employees perceive the organization’s attitude towards them. The more they feel appreciated, respected, rewarded for their work, the more they will try to respect and accomplish the organizational standards and goals. The organizational support theory states that Perceived organizational support (POS) shows the degree to which employees trust the appreciation of their organization.
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MANAGING SUPPLIES IN WAR

SILEANU Adrian

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
In any war, if the troops do not have ammunition, they cannot inflict damage to the enemy. Without food and water, the soldiers will lose the will to fight and switch their attention to getting nourishment instead of seizing military objectives. No fuel means that everything that runs on it will stop running – and nowadays it’s hard to conceive war without planes and mechanized equipment. All these mean that supplies in war are paramount.
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THE EUROPEAN SECURITY STRATEGY, A CRITICAL ANALYSIS

TEIȘANU Ioana-Cristina

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
This paper is focused on the European Security Strategy and its content. The main idea is to try to have an overlook from the pragmatic point of view on whether the strategy is still a viable one, due to the fact that it was adopted twelve years ago. By pointing out the historical background, the context and its previsions, the role of NATO and US in the security of Europe, and also the new regional threats, the paper is underlining the necessity of a new European Security Strategy.
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CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES UNDER CYBER THREATS

TOȘA Virgil-Florin

Ministry of National Defense/Romanian Air Force/Application School of Aviation "Aurel Vlaicu“ Boboc/Romania
Abstract
Critical infrastructure refers to processes, systems, facilities, technologies, networks, assets and services essential to the health, safety, security or economic well-being of a modern society and the effective functioning of their government. Disruptions of critical infrastructure could result in catastrophic loss of life, adverse economic effects and significant harm to public confidence. The cyber-attacks on the SCADA systems of the Iranian nuclear facilities as well as those targeting the telecommunication and power grid infrastructures of Estonia and Georgia show how cyber-attacks against critical infrastructures are becoming increasingly prevalent and disruptive. In the next future, cyber-attacks are expected to increase in scale, to become more accurate and therefore to become real cyber weapons.
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CHALLENGES IN AIRSPACE MANAGEMENT RELATED TO NEW INVADERS - DRONES

TURCU Mihail

Ministry of National Defence, Romania
Abstract
UAV represents one of the great challenges of the 21st century. They are here and will not go away from our lives, because of the economic, social and political nature, which no longer require explanation. Mankind is not going to stop soon, its technological development although technology presents itself periodically with a payment order for its creators, the payment being made with no card but with human lives.
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